Nutrition

A Healthy Diet with Breast Cancer

Overview.

Whether you’re newly diagnosed with breast cancer or you’re facing breast cancer that’s spread to another part of your body, you probably have many questions. These may include: What should I eat?

who offered these four diet tips for those undergoing cancer treatment:

▪️Stay hydrated. Aim for at least 2 liters to 3 liters of fluid per day — about 66 ounces to 99 ounces — mostly from caffeine-free fluids.Get enough calories. Forget the calculator — the best way to know whether you are eating enough calories for energy is to weigh yourself once or .

▪️twice a week. If your weight is trending down week after week, speak with a dietitian to make a plan. Remember to eat regularly throughout the day. Small meals five to six times a day typically work well.

▪️Focus on nutrients and get the most nutrients per calorie. Choose foods from the food groups — things like fruits, vegetables, grains, beans, nuts, seeds, meats/eggs and dairy products. A balanced diet helps ensure you are getting the nutrients you need to keep your body strong.

▪️Don’t forget protein. Protein helps maintain lean body mass/muscle. Protein is found in meat, poultry, fish, seafood, eggs, beans, lentils, nuts, seeds, soy and dairy products. Smaller amounts of proteins are found in vegetables and whole grains.

Diet and Breast Cancer.

If you don’t have nutrition-related side effects from your cancer treatment that limit your ability to eat and/or digest food, you can follow a generally healthy diet that includes:

▪️Fruits and vegetables: 5+ servings a day. Fruits and vegetables contain antioxidant and anti-estrogen properties. Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, kale, cabbage and Brussels sprouts are especially good to include and are rich in phytochemicals.

▪️Whole grains: 25-30 grams of fiber daily. Whole grains are unprocessed foods that are high in complex carbohydrates, fiber, phytochemicals as well as vitamins and minerals. A study by researchers at Soochow University in Suzhou, China, found that high fiber intakes may have a positive effect by altering hormonal actions of breast cancer and other hormone-dependent cancers.

▪️Lean protein — and soy, too. For good protein sources, increase your intake of poultry, fish and legumes like beans and lentils. Minimize your intake of cured, pickled and smoked foods. Soy in moderate amounts, which means one to two servings/day of whole soy foods (like tofu, edamame and soy milk) also can be included. Studies, including research reported in the American Institute for Cancer Research, show that animals metabolize soy differently than humans. Not only is soy safe in moderate amounts, but research shows that soy contains isoflavones, a phytonutrient with anti-cancer properties. Up to three servings of whole soy foods per day doesn’t increase a breast cancer survivor’s risk of recurrence or death.

Diet types.

If you’ve been reading about breast cancer online, you might find claims that one diet or another can cure you. Be wary of these exaggerated claims.

Generally speaking, research shows that eating a balanced diet with plenty of fruit, vegetables, whole grains, poultry, and low-fat dairy products may have a positive impact on cancer survival. In contrast, eating processed foods, high-sugar foods, or fried foods may have a negative impact.

So any diet, such as the Mediterranean diet for example, that encourages this kind of eating may help support your cancer recovery.

If you want to try the following diets, take these precautions into consideration:

🔸The Keto diet.

The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate eating plan that has recently gained popularity. You dramatically cut carbohydrates to put your body into a state of ketosis, where it’s forced to burn stored fat for energy.

Though a few studies have shown the ketogenic diet to be promising for certain types of cancer, it hasn’t been proven to treat breast cancer. It can also alter the chemical balance in your body, which could be risky.

🔸Plant-based diet.

A plant-based diet means that you mainly eat foods like fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. This is similar to a vegetarian or vegan diet, but many people who follow plant-based diets still eat animal products. However, they limit their intake.

The American Institute for Cancer Research recommends following a plant-based diet for cancer prevention. Their research shows that cancer survivors may benefit from this diet as well. The diet allows you to get fiber, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals from plant foods, while also getting protein and nutrients from animal products.

Ultimately, any diet you try should contain a healthy balance of nutrients, protein, calories, and healthy fats. Going extreme in any direction could be dangerous. Before you try any new diet, check with your dietitian and doctor to make sure it’s safe for you.

🔸Mediterranean diet.

If you follow the Mediterranean diet, it means that you’re eating a large variety of fruits and vegetables, as well as grains, nuts, and seeds. This diet also includes olive oil, beans, dairy, and proteins like chicken, eggs, and fish in fewer amounts.The food you eat with this diet tends to be unprocessed. You drink minimal alcohol, usually wine, and typically with meals. The diet minimizes sugar, salt, and saturated fat, and doesn’t include a lot of processed meats.

Multiple studies show that adhering to the Mediterranean diet may reduce your breast cancer risk and may have a positive effect on breast cancer mortality. In addition, research also suggests that the diet may help improve sleep quality, reduce pain, and boost your overall well-being. But, it may not be possible to completely rule out other factors that may contribute to these outcomes.

Reference:

The Best Foods to Eat When You Have Breast Cancer/https://www.google.com/amp/s/health.clevelandclinic.org/the-best-foods-to-eat-when-you-have-breast-cancer/amp/

Maintaining a Healthy Diet with Breast Cancer/https://www.healthline.com/health/metastatic-breast-cancer/nutrition

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button