Abdominal pain is: –
Abdominal pain is pain felt anywhere from below your ribs to your pelvis. It is also known as tummy pain or stomach pain. The abdomen houses many organs, including your stomach, liver, pancreas, small and large bowel, and reproductive organs. There are also major blood vessels in the abdomen.
There are many reasons why you might feel pain in your stomach. People often worry about appendicitis, gallstones, ulcers, infections, and pregnancy problems, among many other conditions. The abdominal pain may not come from the abdomen. Some of the surprising causes include heart attacks, pneumonia, conditions in the pelvis or groin, some rashes like shingles, and stomach muscle problems such as straining. The pain may occur with problems with urination or bowel movements, or problems with menstruation. Most abdominal pain is harmless and goes away without surgery. Most people just need relief from their symptoms. Sometimes the abdominal pain can stop and the cause never is known, or the cause may become more apparent over time.
Causes of abdominal pain: –
2- Intestinal obstruction and stroke
3- Sore throat or blood
7- Cramps associated with menstrual pain
8- Stress and tension
10- Acid reflux (when stomach contents leak back into the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms)
Diseases that affect the digestive system can also cause chronic abdominal pain, are:
1- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
2- irritable bowel syndrome or spastic colon (a disorder that causes abdominal pain, cramping, and changes in bowel movements)
3- Crohn’s disease (an inflammatory bowel disease)
4- lactose intolerance (the inability to digest lactose, the sugar found in milk and milk products)
Seek immediate medical help if pain is accompanied by signs and symptoms, including:–
– Severe pain
– Bloody stools
-Persistent nausea and vomiting
-Skin that appears yellow
-Severe tenderness when you touch your abdomen
-Swelling of the abdomen
Treating and preventing abdominal pain: –
Not all forms of abdominal pain can be prevented, Your treatment depends on what is causing your pain. However, you can reduce the risk of developing abdominal pain by doing the following: –
1- Follow a healthy diet
2- Drink water frequently.
3- Exercise regularly
4- Eat smaller meals
5- Pain relief – your pain may not go away fully with painkillers, but it should ease.
6- Fluids – you may have fluids given into a vein to correct fluid loss and rest your bowel.
7- Medicines – for example, you may be given something to stop you vomiting.
8- Fasting – your doctor may ask you not to eat or drink anything until the cause of your pain is known.
Abdominal pain in adults – Better Health Channel