Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, and driest continent. It contains 90 percent of all the ice on Earth in an area just under 1.5 times the size of the United States. But the southernmost continent is much more than just a large block of ice.
Antarctica is located in the Antarctic Circle that surrounds the southern part of the globe, and it is the fifth largest continent. Its size varies with the seasons, as the expansion of sea ice along the coast nearly doubles the size of the continent in winter. Almost all of Antarctica is covered with ice. Less than half a percent of the vast wilderness is free of ice.
The continent is divided into two regions, known as East and West Antarctica. Eastern Antarctica makes up two-thirds of the continent, and is roughly the size of Australia. The average thickness of ice in this part of the continent is 1.2 miles (2 km). On the other hand, West Antarctica is a series of frozen islands that extend towards the southern tip of South America, forming an extension of the Andes. The two regions are separated by the Transantarctic Mountains, a chain that stretches across the continent, sometimes completely covered in ice.
Despite all of Antarctica’s ice, it is classified as a desert because so little moisture falls from the sky.
its area is
14,000,000 square kilometers
As for its population
4400 in 2009
Antarctica: The Southernmost ContinentBy Nola Taylor Redd – Live Science Contributor