personality

Arab personalities who changed the world with science

Overview.

There are many personalities who possessed talents, abilities and energies through which they were able to change their lives and then the world. Their names have been recorded in the annals of history and written in letters of light in memory. These characters are represented in the following names:

1. Ahmed Zewail.

Ahmed Zewail was born in Damanhur, Egypt, and grew up in Alexandria. His father worked as a bicycle and motorbike fitter before becoming a government official. After studying at the university in Alexandria, Zewail moved to the US to undertake his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. After some time spent working at the University of California, Berkeley, Zewail transferred to the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena in 1976, where he continues to work. Ahmed Zewail is married with four children.

Ahmed Hasan Zewail was born on February 26, 1946, in Damanhur, Egypt, and was raised in Desouk.

He received a Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in Chemistry from Alexandria University before moving to the United States to complete his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania supervised by Robin M. Hochstrasser.

He was awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry and became the first Egyptian and Arab to win a Nobel Prize in a scientific field. He was the Linus Pauling Chair Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Physics, and the director of the Physical Biology Center for Ultrafast Science and Technology at the California Institute of Technology.

He has published more than 350 scientific papers in specialized international scientific journals such as: Science and Nature.

His name was included in the list of honor in the United States, which includes the most important personalities who contributed to the American Renaissance, and his name came No. 9 out of 29 prominent personalities as the most important laser scientists in the United States (this list includes Albert Einstein and Alexander Graham Bell).

2. Farouk El Baz.

He was born on January 2, 1938 in Zagazig, Sharqia Governorate. His family is originally from the Nile Delta village of Touqh el Aklaam, El Senbellawein Markaz, Dakahlia Governorate.In 1958, at the age of 20, he received a Bachelor of Science in chemistry and geology from Ain Shams University.

In 1961, he received a Master of Science in geology from the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy (now Missouri University of Science and Technology).

In 1964, at the age of 26, he received a Doctor of Philosophy in geology from the Missouri University of Science and Technology after conducting research from 1962 to 1963 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

In 1978, El-Baz was appointed Science Adviser to President Anwar Sadat of Egypt. He was charged with the selection of regions for land reclamation in the desert without detrimental effects on the environment. For his distinguished service, President Sadat awarded him Egypt’s Order of Merit – First Class.

Egyptian born Farouk El Baz has been research professor and director of the Center for Remote Sensing at Boston University since 1986. While working with the Apollo Space Program (1967-72), he applied satellite imagery to moon surfaces and chaired the Astronaut Training Group. He later studied the arid areas of the world and used his analysis of space photography to select areas for investigation on the ground in Egypt, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, China, and India. Much of his career has been spent applying space technology to geography, geology, archaeology, and the environment. He used his remote sensing technology to develop underground water resources in Egypt and to document the extent of destruction following the first Gulf war. He was recently appointed a member of the Committee on Grand Challenges for Engineering in the 21st Century.

3. Hassan Kamel Assabbah.

Hassan Kamel Al-Sabah (Nabatiyeh, Lebanon, August 16, 1894 – March 31, 1935) is a Lebanese inventor. Dozens of inventions are attributed to him that were registered in 13 countries, including: the United States of America, Belgium, Canada, Britain, France, Italy, Australia, India, and Japan. And Spain, and the Union of Southern African Nations, in addition to many mathematical theories in the field of electrical engineering, which earned him the nickname “Edison of the East” and he was working in balloons and expatriate in America to study electrical engineering.

The Lebanese engineer Hassan Kamel Assabbah’s dream was to build sun-powered cells in the Arabian desert; the main ingredients for solar power are sand (making solar cells) and strong sun (powering it)

. In 1935, he declared that he would return to the Middle East and transform the Arabian desert into a paradise, turning all the sand into cells capable of producing an immense energy.

Between 1928 and 1935, Hassan Kamel Assabbah is the author of more than 27 patents in the field of space technology. The first solar cell he invented and tested will later be improved and manufactured by Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1955.

4. Munir Nayfeh.

Munir Hasan Nayfeh is a Palestinian-American particle physicist, renowned for his pioneering work in nanotechnology. Nayfeh was born in December 1945, in the neighborhood of Shweikeh in Tulkarem city, in what was then Mandatory Palestine. Following the 1948 Palestine war and Palestinian exodus, Nayfeh’s family was compelled to settle in Jordan, where he received his Thanaweyeh Ammeh (high school diploma). He received his bachelor’s degree in 1968, and his master’s in physics in 1970 from the American University of Beirut, after which he won a scholarship to pursue his PhD at Stanford University in the US, which he successfully completed in 1974.

Professor Nayfeh joined the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1974 as a postdoctoral fellow and research physicist. In 1977 he was appointed as a lecturer at Yale University. He finally joined the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in 1978 as a professor of physics. He published over 130 papers and 10 books, and holds several patents. Nayfeh is most noted for his pioneering work in nanotechnology and in 1974 published a milestone paper with one of the 2005 Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics Theodor W. Hänsch on a precision measurement of the Rydberg Constant. Professor Nayfeh is also the founder of NanoSi Advanced Technology Inc., which commercializes nano-sized silicon particles for solar energy, electronics, solid state lighting, and biomedicine applications.

His passion for science and conducting experiments appeared since childhood. Nayfeh was able to answer an important question posed by the famous physicist Richard Feynman in 1959, when he asked: What would happen if a person could control the movement and trajectory of the atom and succeeded in rearranging its positions within chemical compounds?

Nayfeh succeeded in answering this question in less than twenty years, by moving atoms single by atom, a discovery that the Washington Post said establishes a new branch in chemistry called “single atom chemistry”, which in turn paves the way for a medical breakthrough. It contributes to the treatment of many diseases, as this achievement allows the construction of microscopic devices and equipment whose size does not exceed several atoms, which enables them to enter the human body, walk inside its arteries and reach its internal organs.

Nayfeh’s discovery also offers many applications in medicine, industrial engineering, military and nuclear technologies.

Nayfeh owns 23 inventions in the manufacture of nano-silicon particles, in addition to joint patents with scientists in Saudi Arabia and Jordan.

Reference :

أحمد زويل/https://ar.m.wikipedia.org/wiki

“Ahmed Zewail”, www.nobelprize.org

“Farouk El Baz”, www.aub.edu.lb

فاروق الباز/https://ar.m.wikipedia.org/wiki

Paleo Energetique, “The photovoltaic solar cell of Hassan Kamel Al-Sabbah”، paleo-energetique.org

حسن كامل الصباح/https://ar.m.wikipedia.org/wiki

منير نايفة/https://ar.m.wikipedia.org/wiki

منير نايفة.. عالم عربي حرك الذرات/https://www-aljazeera-net

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