It is often said that the eye is the mirror of the body because it often reflects the state of health of the body. Indeed, experts have confirmed through several studies that eye examination often reveals many health problems, including serious diseases. How is that?
The eye serves as a monitor for changes in different areas of the body, as many health problems can be detected through an eye examination. Here comes the importance of visiting an ophthalmologist periodically, and in the event of a suspected disease, the patient is referred to a specialist doctor.
Some changes that occur in the eye indicate symptoms of certain diseases.
▪️ An eye with a gray circle around the cornea, for example, is often a sign of high cholesterol and triglycerides. In this case, which is known to doctors as arcus senilis, the patient must undergo a blood test to check for high Blood lipids, especially those under the age of 60.
▪️ The eye can also reveal Horner’s syndrome. The eye appears in this case with drooping eyelids. Here, it may be dangerous, as it may be a sign of the possibility of tumors in the neck, or aneurysm. Examination of the retina can also detect high blood pressure. High pressure causes small blood vessels in the retina to rupture. In the event of delayed treatment, the patient may have a stroke.
▪️ Doctors also believe that a small retinal hemorrhage may be the initial sign of type 2 diabetes, a symptom of diabetic retinopathy. Untreated, this condition can lead to vision loss, but managing it cuts this risk in half.
▪️ In a related context, Mitchell Monson, president of the American Optometric Association, says that optic neuritis is one of the symptoms that the eye detects and indicates another disease, multiple sclerosis. Monson explains that the diagnosis of optic neuritis does not automatically mean that the patient has multiple sclerosis, it may be the result of infection or other causes. Optic neuritis affects 75% of patients with MS, according to Reader’s Digest.
▪️ Puffiness in the eyes It is possible for the eyes to swell as a result of fatigue, lack of sleep, and allergies, and these are normal things, but swollen eyes without any known cause may indicate Graves disease, which is caused by hyperthyroidism, which can also cause weakness in the eyes. Vision. Therefore, if swollen eyes are accompanied by diarrhea, trembling hands, or unexplained weight loss, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will examine the thyroid gland and work to control its secretions.
▪️ Yellowing of the whites of the eyes: This usually indicates jaundice, and this would indicate the presence of problems in the liver, as the latter secretes a large amount of bilirubin when it is inflamed, and it seeps into all parts of the body, especially the whites of the eyes.
▪️ The presence of a ring around the cornea: This ring is known as the Kayser- Fleischer Ring, and it indicates that a person has hereditary Wilson’s disease, which leads to the accumulation of copper in the body, especially in the brain and liver, which leads to symptoms of the disease, namely fatigue and general stress, problems with swallowing. Fluid buildup in the feet or abdomen, muscle stiffness and inability to control body movement.
▪️ Cancer itself rarely has manifestations in the eye, however, there are some types of cancer that can spread to the eyes.
Melanoma is one of the primary cancers in your eyes, but it can also appear elsewhere on your body. Breast cancer is an example of cancer that can spread to your eyes, where it can be found before other tests show that the cancer has spread.
Eyes are affected by diseases that affect our bodies, so we need to take care of them and give them comfort from scrutiny, follow-up and work.
The most important of these is a healthy diet that contains beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the body, and this vitamin is found in yellow and orange vegetables and fruits, such as: carrots, oranges, tangerines, and others.
It is advised to avoid foods rich in fat, in addition to checking the level of sugar in the blood, because its high level causes dehydration of fluids in the eye tissues and impedes the blood flow process.
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