Health

Diseases that may occur in newborns.

Children are most vulnerable to many diseases and infections right after birth, as a result of their lack of immunity, so every mother must be aware of some diseases that affect newborns and how to treat them. So you can take care of her baby in the best possible way.

We will present a list of the most prominent diseases that a newborn may have.

1. Stomach cramps.

Newborns have stomach cramps, which force them to cry and scream, as a result of overfeeding or the wrong child feeding, causing air to enter the stomach or incomplete growth of the lower esophageal contractile muscles, which leads to the regurgitation of gastric juice, which causes heartburn.

▪️ treatment:

1- Mothers should give the child colic medicines regularly every six hours and not stop them, especially in the first six months, until the baby’s digestive enzymes complete.

2 – The entire time the child wakes up, he must be placed on his stomach to get rid of gas.

3 – Massage the abdomen calmly.

4 – The child should not become constipated.

5 – If the baby is breastfeeding, the milk should be warmed so as not to cause colic.

2. jaundice.

The incidence of jaundice occurs as a result of a high level of bile in the blood, due to a disturbance in liver function or incomplete growth, and you may not need medical intervention, but sometimes the doctor may have to keep the child inside the nursery for several days, and expose him to any light source.

▪️ treatment.

1. Increase the amount of feeding, by increasing the frequency of feeding, or by adding alternatives to milk.

2. Light therapy. If the level of jaundice persists, the liver can be bypassed by light analysis of bilirubin.Blue light present in white light.

3. Blood replacement, which is performed if the bilirubin level could harm the newborn. The blood is replaced by an umbilical vein, or an artery and a vein in the extremities.

4. Medicines.There are some medications that help reduce bilirubin levels.

3. Skin infections due to the diaper.

The infant develops skin problems in the form of irritations, which appear especially in the diaper area, due to the sensitivity of the child’s skin and not changing the nappy and leaving the skin wet for a long time, so the nappy must be changed frequently and make sure that :

1. The child’s skin is dry.

2. Put a thin layer of creams or ointments intended for the skin of children.

3. Don’t overtighten diapers. Tight diapers prevent airflow into the diaper region, which sets up a moist environment favorable to diaper rashes.

4. Give your baby’s bottom more time without a diaper.

4. Umbilical hernia.

One of the most prominent symptoms that indicate a child has an umbilical hernia, is the movement of the navel outward when crying, and if this condition continues until the age of four, surgery must be performed to control it before it becomes aggravated.

▪️ treatment.

In most cases, umbilical hernia closes spontaneously until the age of one year. In some cases, the doctor may push the lump back into the abdomen during the physical examination.

And surgery is used for children only in cases where the umbilical hernia is large and causes pain.

5. Drought.

Some children suffer from dehydration, due to the lack of water and mineral salts in their bodies, due to diarrhea or vomiting, which is a disease that may increase the risk of death in the absence of interest in treating it as soon as it is discovered, by replacing the injured child with fluids and water or drinking a rehydration solution.

6. Constipation.

Some children become constipated when drinking formula or immediately after eating solid foods that need a long time to be fully digested, and in most cases the child will recover from this disorder after several days, without the need to go to the doctor.

▪️ treatment.

1. exercises.Moving the baby’s legs can help relieve constipation.

2. dietary changes.Some dietary changes may help with constipation, but they differ depending on the child’s age and diet.

3. Massage.There are several methods of massaging a baby’s stomach to relieve constipation.

7. Facial pills.

Sometimes, newborns may suffer from a condition similar to acne, which is white heads that spread in separate areas of the body, especially the face, as a result of hormonal disorders experienced by mothers during this period, which may reach the child through breastfeeding.

▪️ treatment.

1. Choose a baby soap or a moisturizing lotion.

2. Use clean cotton balls moistened with warm water to clean the skin and places where pimples appear.

3. Always monitor your child, especially after he takes a new type of medicine or some foods that may cause the emergence and development of acne.

4. If the pimples continue to appear for more than three months, notify the pediatrician immediately.

Reference :

المغص عند حديثي الولادة..الأسباب والأعراض وطرق التعامل معه/ https://www.elconsolto.com

اليرقان عند حديثي الولادةNeonatal jaundice/ https://www.webteb.com

طفح الجلدي من الحفاض/ https://www.mayoclinic.org

الفتق السريUmbilical Hernia/ https://www.webteb.com

طرق طبيعية لعلاج الإمساك عند الرضع وحديثي الولادة /www.elconsolto.com

حبوب في وجه الرضيع/ https://www.webteb.com

في اليوم العالمي للطفل.. 9 أمراض قد تصيب الرضّع بعد الولادة/ www.elconsolto.com

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