A sore throat can be uncomfortable and often signals an oncoming cold. While home remedies may help with some types of sore throat, it’s important to note that medical treatment may be needed. A sore throat due to strep throat, for example, usually requires antibiotic treatment in order to prevent serious complications.
Self-treating a health condition and avoiding or delaying standard care may have serious consequences. Certain conditions and symptoms (such as difficulty breathing) require emergency care.
Be sure to consult your doctor if your sore throat is very painful, lasts more than a few days, or if you have other symptoms.
Most sore throats will clear up in a couple of days. Here are some natural remedies and comfort care tips that may help soothe your pain.
1. Salt Water Gargle
One of the oldest home remedies for a sore throat, this may help to relieve pain, break down mucus, and reduce swelling. Typically, 1/2 teaspoon of salt is dissolved in a cup of warm water. The saltwater solution should be spit out after gargling and shouldn’t be swallowed or reused. Gargling once an hour is sometimes recommended for a sore throat.
Prevent dehydration by drinking liquids. Some people may find relief from drinking warm liquids, while others may prefer cold liquids, which can help soothe inflamed tissue. Avoid hot liquids, which may aggravate throat irritation.
Water is always a good choice, but here are two other options you can consider:
• Warm Lemon Drink: Mix 1 teaspoon of lemon juice or apple cider vinegar, 1 very small sprinkle of cayenne pepper, 1 teaspoon of honey, and 1/4 teaspoon of freshly grated ginger (optional) into a cup of warm water.
The benefits of this folk remedy haven’t been studied, but some say that capsaicin (a compound in cayenne) blocks nerves from sending pain signals, and the acid of the lemon juice or vinegar creates a hostile environment for germs. Note: Cayenne and vinegar can worsen pain and cause burns or irritation in the mouth and throat if consumed solo or in excess.
• Tea: A warm (not hot) cup of black tea may help to provide relief from a sore throat. Black tea (Camellia sinensis) contains compounds called tannins, which are astringent and may help to shrink swollen tissue. Some also make double-strength black tea and gargle with it several times a day.
Honey may help suppress a cough and ease discomfort by coating the throat, temporarily relieving irritation.
Add some to a warm beverage, or try it straight off the spoon. Honey should never be given to a child younger than 1 year due to the risk of botulism.
4. Cold Foods or Application
Some find relief by sucking on popsicles or eating ice cream. If you have swollen glands in your neck, applying an ice bag may also help.
Since dry air can contribute to a sore throat, a humidifier may help by adding moisture back. Both warm- and cool-mist humidifiers are effective. However, for use around children, it’s best to choose cool-mist to avoid hot water spills. You may also want to adjust your thermostat. For some people, a warmer room may lead to dryness, which can aggravate a dry, irritated throat.
6. chicken soup
Hot chicken soup helps relieve sore throats, soften sinus mucus, and keep the body hydrated.
www.verywellhealth.com ( How a Sore Throat Is Treated)