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Eastern European countries.

Eastern Europe refers to the eastern parts of Europe. It includes ten sovereign states.

The boundaries of the region to the east can be determined geographically by the presence of the Ural River, the Ural Mountains, the Caucasus mountain range, and the Caspian Sea. These natural features separate Eastern Europe and Asia. Eastern Europe’s borders with Western Europe are less geographically defined.Eastern Orthodox religion dominates the religious landscape in Eastern Europe.

_ Eastern Europe.

_Belarus:

Belarus occupues an area of 207,595 sq. km (80,153 sq mi). Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth. Belarus is bordered by 5 nations: by Russia in the north and east; by Ukraine in the south; by Poland in the west; by Lithuania and Latvia in the northwest.

Belarus is a heavily forested, flat, low-lying country that includes the Poltsk Lowland (north) and the Dnieper Lowland (south). A few areas of rolling hills in the west blend into the lowlands. The extensive Pripyat marshes cover the southern reaches of the country. The country’s highest point, the Dzerzhinsky Hill, stands at 1,135 ft. (346m). Its lowest point is on the Neman River at 90 metres (295 ft) And as for rivers, the Dnieper is the most significant. Others of importance include the Dvinar, Neman and Pripyat. Many streams and over 10,000 small lakes are scattered about.

_Bulgaria:

Noted for its diversity, Bulgaria’s landscape ranges from mountainous peaks covered in snow to valleys and lowlands giving way to the coast of the Black Sea.

The Balkan Mountains cut across the central part of the country, while the Rhodope Mountains run through southern Bulgaria, along its border with Greece. The highest point in the country, located in the Rila Mountains, is Musala Mt., at 9,594 ft. (2,925 m). Moving on north of the Balkan Mountains the fertile lowlands of the Danubian Plain slope gradually down to the Danube River.

Bulgaria (officially, the Republic of Bulgaria) is divided into 28 provincesThese provinces are further subdivided into a total of 265 municipalities.

With an area of 110,999 sq. km, Bulgaria is the 16th largest country in Europe. Located on the slopes of the Vitosha Mountains and the Sofia Valley, at the center of the Balkan Peninsula is, Sofia – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Bulgaria. It is the main cultural and commercial center of the country.

_Czech Republic :

Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth. Czech Republic is bordered by 4 nations: by Poland in the north and northeast; by Slovakia in the east; by Austria in the south and by Germany in the west and northwest.

covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi).

In general terms, the Czech Republic is a hilly plateau surrounded by relatively low mountains. These include the Carpathian, Ore, Sudetic and the Sumarva mountains.

The highest point is Mt. Snezka in the Sudetic Mountains; it rises to 5,259 ft. (1,603 m). The lowest point in the Czech Republic is on the Elba River at 377 ft (115 m).

_Hungary:

Hungary is a medium-sized, landlocked Central European country covering an area of 93,030 km2(35,920 sq mi).

Hungary is a landlocked Central European Nation, situated in the Carpathian Basin. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by 7 Nations: by Slovakia in the north; Ukraine in the northeast; Romania in the east; Serbia and Croatia in the south; Slovenia in the southwest and Austria in the west.

it is mostly a flat country, dominated by the Great Hungarian Plain east of the Danube. The plain includes approximately 56% of the country’s land. The terrain ranges from flat to rolling plains.

_Poland:

With an area of 312,696 sq. km, and a population of over 38 million, Poland is the 5th most populous member of EU. Poland serves as the geographical and cultural crossroads of Eastern and Western Europe. Located in the east-central part of the country, Warsaw is the capital and the largest city of Poland. It is also the administrative, cultural and economic center of the country. Warsaw is the 7th most populous capital city in EU.

Poland is a Central European country. It is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Poland is bordered by 7 nations: by Germany in the west; the Czech Republic in the southwest; Slovakia in the south; Ukraine  in the southeast; Belarus in the east; Lithuania and Russia in the northeast. Poland is bordered in the north by the Baltic Sea. The country shares its maritime borders with Denmark and Sweden.

The country has a coastline on the Baltic Sea to the north.The coast is fairly smooth, with beaches and dunes.

_Moldova:

Moldova is a small Eastern European country with an area of 33,846 km2(13,068 sq mi) including the disputed territory of Transnistria. Excluding it, Moldova occupies an area of 29,683 km2(11,461 sq mi).

Moldova is a landlocked Eastern European country. It is positioned in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Moldova is situated in the east of the Carpathian Mountains between the Prut and Dniester Rivers.  Moldova is bordered by 2 nations: by Ukraine in the north, east and south and by Romania in the west.

the country has a hilly terrain with a subtle slope south toward the Black Sea.

_Romania:

With an area of 238,397 sq. km, Romania is the 12th largest country in Europe. With a population of over 20 million people, Romania is the 7th most populous country of EU. Located in the south eastern part of the country is Bucharest – the capital and the largest city of Romania. It is also the cultural, administrative and economic center of Romania. Bucharest is the most prosperous city in the country and the 6th largest city in EU.

As for the mountains, the medium-sized Carpathian Mountains stretch across the center of the country in a broad arc, and are the source of several rivers.The Transylvanian Alps, a group of Carpathian Mountains that divide central and southern Romania. The highest point in the country, Mt. Moldovino, is located there. Its height is 2,544 m (8,346 ft).

_Russia :

Russia, the world’s largest country by area, stretches from Northern Asia to Eastern Europe. The Arctic Ocean borders Russia to the north and the Pacific to the east. The country also has a short coastline on the Baltic Sea in the northwest. The exclave of Russia, Kaliningrad also borders the Baltic Sea as well as Lithuania and Poland. The southern borders of Russia are with Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, North Korea, and Mongolia. The western and southwestern borders of Russia are with Finland, Norway, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Latvia.

_Slovakia :

Slovakia is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Europe. It is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Slovakia is bordered by 5 Nations: by Poland in the north; Hungary in the south; Ukraine in the east; Austria in the southwest and Czech Republic in the west.

The landlocked sovereign country of Slovakia covers an area of 49,035 km2(18,933 sq mi) in Central Europe. As observed on the physical map of Slovakia, the country has a highly mountainous topography.

_Ukraine:

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth. Ukraine is bordered by 7 European Nations: by Belarus in the north; by Hungary, Slovakia and Poland in the west; by Moldova and Romania in the southwest; and by Russia in the east and northeast. It is bounded by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in the south. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea borders Ukraine to the south.

With an area of 603,628 sq. km (which also includes the area covered by the Crimean Peninsula), Ukraine is the 2nd largest country by area in Europe and the 46th largest country in the world. With a population over 42 million people, Ukraine is the 7th/8th most populous county in Europe and the 32nd most populous country in the world. Located in the north-central part of the country, along the Dnieper River is Kiev (Kyiv) – the capital and the most populous city of Ukraine. Kiev is the chief cultural and industrial center of Eastern Europe.

References :

“Europe Countries And Regions, www.worldatlas.com

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