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Europe is the second smallest continent, and it can be described as a large peninsula or subcontinent.Europe is the western part of the Eurasian landmass and is located entirely in the northern hemisphere.Many of the large islands belong to Europe, such as Iceland or the British Isles with the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Europe covers approximately 2% of the Earth’s surface.The name “Europe” has always been thought to derive from the ancient myth of Zeus and Europe.Theories regarding the origin of the name “Europe” range from being Greek to mean “broad stare.”

For the ancient Greeks, the Aegean Sea and its environs were the center of the world.The Phoenicians were regularly sailing across the Atlantic and its rise to harvest tin from Europe in Cornwall, but to the Greeks, Europe was a dark continent.

Culture, even at the most basic level, had been going on in Europe since at least 20000 BC as evidenced by the cave paintings (the most famous being the Lascaux cave complex in present-day France) and by 5000 BC hierarchical societies began to emerge and to plant peas, evidence of an agricultural society strong.

Some facts about Europe.

European regions.

Traditionally there are four major geographical regions or sub-regions in Europe.

Northern Europe.

western Europe.

Eastern Europe.

south of Europe.

_ Its area.

With an area of ​​10.2 million square kilometers (3,938,000 sq mi), Europe is 20% larger than the neighboring United States. The area of ​​the European Union (without the United Kingdom) is more than 4.23 million square kilometers (1.6 million square miles).

_ The number of countries in Europe.

50 countries participate in Europe.By traditional definition, there are 44 sovereign states or states in Europe.Many countries are not included and it is Turkey, which occupies only a small part of Eastern Thrace on the European Balkan Peninsula.Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean Sea, is a geographical part of Asia Minor (Middle East).The Faroe Islands, a group of islands located between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, is an autonomous region of the Kingdom of Denmark.Greenland, which geographically belongs to North America, is also a Danish autonomous region.Kosovo is a partially recognized state in the Balkans.A small piece of western Kazakhstan is also considered part of Europe.

_ Population.It is estimated that 747 million people live in Europe.The most populous country in Europe is the European part of Russia with a population of 110 million, followed by Germany with a population of 83 million, and then Metropolitan France, which has a population of 67 million (in 2020).

_ Northern Europe refers to the part of Europe located in Northern Western Europe, the English Channel and the Baltic Sea. The Baltic republics also include Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

According to the Population Division of the United Nations, approximately 105 million people live in Northern Europe (in 2019).

Western Europe is the western part of Europe. It is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the English Channel and the North Sea, and on the south by the Alps.

According to the Population Division of the United Nations, about 194 million people live in Central Europe (in 2019).

Traditionally, Eastern Europe is the geographical region located to the east of Germany and west of the Ural Mountains. The United Nations Geographical Chart lists ten countries including the former Eastern Bloc countries Poland, Czechia, Slovakia (formerly Czechoslovakia), Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, the former Soviet republics of Belarus and Ukraine, as well as European Russia.

According to the Population Division of the United Nations, approximately 290 million people live in Eastern Europe (in 2019).

Southern Europe or Mediterranean Europe refers to the subtropical southern part of the continent. The region is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the south. There are 13 sovereign states in Southern Europe; Seven of these countries are members of the European Union.In 2019, an estimated 152 million people were living in southern Europe (not including residents of southern France and eastern Thrace).


“Europe”, Ancient History.

Countries by Continents _ Countries of Europe, nationsonline.

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