What is first aid?
First aid is when you tend to an injured or sick person in need of urgent medical assistance. First aid applies to a broad range of medical situations, which includes:
specific knowledge and skills (for example, what to do for each type of injury or illness).
the ability to assess a situation and make appropriate decisions (such as when to call for emergency medical assistance).
What would you do if you cut your finger while chopping vegetables?
How would you handle a stovetop burn, a spider bite, or a child’s scrape from a fall?
Minor injuries happen every day, and most are easy to treat at home. But to handle them quickly and calmly, you need to know what to do and have the right supplies.
How do I treat a minor cut or scrape?
Follow these steps to keep cuts clean and prevent infections and scars.
1. Wash your hands.
▪️ First, wash up with soap and water so you don’t get bacteria into the cut and cause an infection. If you’re on the go, use hand sanitizer.
2. Stop the bleeding.
▪️ Put pressure on the cut with a gauze pad or clean cloth. Keep the pressure on for a few minutes.
3. Clean the wound.
▪️ Once you’ve stopped the bleeding, rinse the cut under cool running water or use a saline wound wash. Clean the area around the wound with soap and a wet washcloth. Don’t get soap in the cut, because it can irritate the skin. And don’t use hydrogen peroxide or iodine, which could irritate the cut.
4. Remove any dirt or debris.
▪️ Use a pair of tweezers cleaned with alcohol to gently pick out any dirt, gravel, glass, or other material in the cut.
Do I need to bandage a cut or scrape?
You don’t need to bandage every cut and scrape. Some heal more quickly when left uncovered to stay dry. But if the cut is on a part of the body that might get dirty or rub against clothes, put on a bandage to protect it. Change the bandage every day or whenever it gets wet or dirty.
How long should a cut or scrape be covered?
Once a solid scab has formed, you can take off the bandage.
When do I need to call my doctor?
Check with your doctor or go to the emergency room if:
1. The cut is deep, long, or the edges are jagged.
2. You may need stitches and a tetanus shot.
3. The cut or scrape is from a dirty or rusty object. You may need a tetanus shot.
4. The injury is from an animal or human bite.
5. You can’t stop the bleeding with direct pressure.
6. You can’t get dirt out of the wound.
7. The cut is on your face or near a joint, like on your fingers.
8. The skin around the cut gets red and swollen or develops red streaks.
9. Pus drains from the cut.
10. You have a fever of more than 100.4 F (in either an adult or child).
How do I prevent scars?
When your body heals after a cut, scrape, or burn, sometimes a scar can be left behind. Depending on the injury, some scars are small, and others are bigger and more noticeable.
To prevent scars, follow these tips:
1. Keep the wound moist (try an antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly) while it heals.
2. covering your cut with silicone gel sheeting, a clear, sticky pad that can speed healing.
First Aid, , “www.medicinenet.com
First Aid Tips, , “www.webmd.com