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Geography of Jordan.

In our topic, we will present a brief and simplified picture of the geography of Jordan.

Jordan is classified with respect to the area that its size is small compared to some countriesIn spite of its small area, it contains of the terrestrial diversity that is not found in any other country of its size.

You see, across geographical areas of which do not exceed a few tens of square kilometers, a diversity of topography, types of soil and vegetation cover in it.Jordan includes in its flanks flood environments of constant flowing rivers and other desert valleys.

As for the earthly shapes, it is divided into three sections, namely:

1_ Forms resulting from the action of earthquakes and volcanoes.

2_ Forms resulting from the act of water erosion.

3_ Forms resulting from the act of sculpting and wind.

Its topography varies from the lowest point on Earth’s surface in the Dead Sea to mountain ranges more than 1,000 meters above sea level.

The climate elements vary from a semi-humid climate prevailing in the northwestern regions to a desert and tropical climate prevailing in the south and east of the Kingdom.

In Jordan, despite its small size, we see a wonderful diversity in terms of humanity, so we find Muslims and Christians living in cities, countryside and Bedouins in it.And refugees from other countries.

After we have presented a comprehensive summary on Jordan, we will now address:

Area of ​​Jordan.

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is located in the heart of the Arab world, both geographically and emotionallyJordan has an area of ​​89,213 square kilometers, and is surrounded by five countries:The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is from the south, the Syrian Arab Republic from the north, the Iraqi Republic from the east, and the occupied Palestinian territories from the west. Jordan also shares water borders with the Arab Republic of Egypt in the Gulf of Aqaba.

Jordan is geographically located between latitudes 33 and 29 north, and longitudes 39 and 34 east, which makes its climate temperate desert, and this is why Jordan is one of the arid and semi-arid regions that are characterized by a long hot summer and short winter with little rain in general.

The port of Aqaba is the Kingdom’s only outlet to the sea, and it overlooks the Red Sea, whose share of Jordan’s shores is about 25 kilometers.

Total area: 89,213 square kilometers.

Land area: 88,884 square kilometers.

Area of ​​water areas: 329 square kilometers.


The population of Jordan, according to the Department of Statistics data for the year 2015, is about 9,531,712 million.

Administrative divisions.

Jordan is divided into 12 governorates, which are:Amman (the capital), Irbid, Zarqa, Mafraq, Ajloun, Jerash, Madaba, Balqa, Karak, Tafila, Maan and Aqaba.Each governorate includes a number of brigades and districts.


1_ Abdel Fattah Lotfi AbdullahThe University of Jordan | UJ · Department of GeographyPhD in Geography, Geography of the Arab World Book

2_ The official website of His Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al Hussein

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