Ghassan Kanafani

Ghassan Kanafani is the hero of a story that mixed media, literature and politics, the events of which began with his birth in Acre in northern Palestine (April 9-1936 AD) and he lived in Jaffa until the Nakba in 1948, when he was forced to seek asylum with his family, where they left Palestine on foot when he was 12 years old, then he was transferred Between cities and occupations due to political and economic situations. He is a Palestinian novelist, storyteller and journalist, and Ghassan Kanafani is considered one of the most famous Arab writers and journalists in the twentieth century. He completed his high school studies in Damascus and obtained the Syrian baccalaureate in 1952.

Palestine was the jewel of his story until the last chapter, so he was a political fighter who devoted his life to the Palestinian cause. His literary works embodied the suffering of his people with the Zionist occupation and alienation, the events of which are inspired by his experiences, such as his work as a teacher at the Relief Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Camps (Damascus) and his experience of his suffering of alienation and struggle, he went to Kuwait where he worked in elementary teaching in 1956 AD, then settled in Beirut in 1960 AD To work for (Al-Hurriya newspaper), which was the core of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, and he was imprisoned (November 1971).

As for the world of politics, he entered it through the media. His militant ideas found a platform from him in a number of newspapers and magazines, such as the Al-Rai Magazine published by the Arab Nationalist Movement, then the Al-Hadaf magazine that speaks for the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. George Habash joined him in the Arab Nationalists Movement in 1953 AD and moved to Beirut to work in the Journal of Freedom in 1961 AD, which was speaking on behalf of the movement, where he worked as an official in the cultural section in it, then he became editor-in-chief of the Lebanese newspaper Al-Muharrah, where he issued an attachment to Palestine, and then he moved to work in Al-Anwar Lebanese Newspaper, and with the founding of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in 1967 AD, he founded the magazine speaking in his name, called (Al-Hadaf Magazine).

Ghassan Kanafani’s literary works: –

Until his early death, he had published 18 books and wrote hundreds of articles and studies on culture, politics, and the struggle of the Palestinian people.

Most of his literary works have been translated into 17 languages ​​and published in more than 20 countries, and some of his works have been produced in theatrical works and radio programs in several Arab and foreign countries. Two of his novels have been transformed into two cinematic films, and his works are still gaining increasing importance until this moment.

Among his most famous novels are: –

-Men in the Sun 1963 AD

-What is left for you in 1966

-Umm Saad 1969

-Who killed Laila Al-Hayek? 1969

-Returned to Haifa in 1970

His collections of stories: –

-Bed Death No. 12 1961 AD

-Land of Sad Oranges 1963 AD

-About men and guns 1968 AD

The most famous studies: –

-Literature of resistance in Palestine in 1966

-In Zionist literature 1967

-Palestinian resistance literature in 1968

Kanafani’s story is a unique example of the culture of resistance, whether through his writings or his involvement in political work, his family had a large part of its chapters, especially his son, his sister (Lamis), who was martyred with him after an explosive device was placed under his car seat by the Israeli Mossad on Saturday (Berroot – July 8, 1972 AD) and he was 36 years old. The story of the militant writer did not end with his assassination. Rather, it remains present in the impact of his great literary legacy to this day.

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