Teeth grinding is a condition in which you grind, grind, or clench your teeth. If you have teeth grinding, you may unconsciously clench your teeth when you are awake (teeth grinding while awake) or bite or grind them while you sleep (teeth grinding during sleep).
Gnashing of teeth during sleep is considered a sleep-related movement disorder.
Signs and symptoms of bruxism may include:
1. Teeth rubbing against each other or snapping against each other, which may make a loud enough sound to wake up those sleeping with you in the same place.
2. A pain that feels like an earache, although in reality the problem is not your ear.
3. Increased tooth pain or sensitivity.
4. The jaw muscles are tired or tight, or a closed jaw that does not open or close completely.
5. Pain or soreness in the jaw, neck or face.
6. Sleep disturbance.
7. Teeth erosion.
Causes of gnashing teeth during sleep.
There are several factors that may lead to teeth grinding during sleep, including:
Stress, anxiety, frustration, and anger can all cause nighttime teeth grinding.
2. Personal factors.
People with an overactive, aggressive, or competitive personality may experience more bruxism than others.
3. Side effect of some medicines.
There are some medications that cause bruxism as a side effect, such as:
Some antidepressants. Also, smoking cigarettes and drinking caffeinated beverages increases the likelihood of teeth grinding.
Gnashing of teeth is more common among children.
Psychological stress. An increase in anxiety or psychological pressure may lead to bruxism. So is anger and frustration.
Complications of bruxism during sleep.
Gnashing your teeth at night can lead to several problems, including:
1. Fracture or loss of a tooth.
2. Causing or increasing the severity of TMJ disease.
3. Change in the shape of the bones of the face.
4. Severe head and jaw pain.
Non-medical treatment of bruxism during sleep.
There are some non-medical methods that help reduce bruxism during sleep, such as:
1. Relieve stress by following deep breathing techniques, yoga, or reading before bed.
2. Avoid foods and drinks that contain caffeine at night.
3. Avoid chewing gum.
_ Medical treatment for bruxism during sleep.
Among the medical methods used to treat bruxism at night, we mention the following:
1. Wearing a mouth splint.A mouth splint (Bite Guard) is worn on the upper or lower jaw to separate the teeth and prevent damage from stridor.
2. Tooth correction.In advanced cases, tooth surface reshaping is resorted to.
Some medications are used to relieve the symptoms of bruxism at night, such as:
1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve swelling or pain in the jaw.Muscle relaxants.
2. Antidepressants or anti-stress, which are used for a short time in case the bruxism is caused by stress or depression.
3. Botox injections that are used when no response to other treatments.
صرير الأسنان أثناء النوم. / www.webteb.com
صَريفُ الأَسْنان / www.mayoclinic.org