How to grow carrots


Garden grown carrots are full of flavor and texture, and they are a common, long-lasting root vegetable that can be grown in many climates. Carrots are easy to grow as long as they are planted in loose, sandy soil during the cooler periods of the growing season – spring and autumn (carrots can tolerate frost). Depending on the variety and local growing conditions, carrots may take 2 to 4 months to mature. Plant them in the spring and summer for a continuous harvest through the fall, learn all about planting, planting and harvesting carrots.

Soil preparation and cultivation.

▪️To grow a good crop, you must choose soil free of rocks, and you must clear the surface of the soil from garbage, rocks and large pieces of bark, and if the soil is not rich in materials and mineral salts, you must add a lot of compost, and you must leave appropriate distances between the seeds for the success of planting the crop, because A crowded carrot will produce crooked roots.

▪️Planting this crop begins in cool weather and three weeks before the expected frost season in your area. Most carrot varieties take 70 to 80 days to ripen, so your transplant that was planted two or three months ago will have matured in the first frost season.

▪️To start planting carrots, turn the soil and remove weeds; Because weeds take their nutrients, this will cause poor carrot growth.

▪️Make a digging in the form of rows to plant the young seeds, you will notice that they take 1 to 3 weeks to germinate “they germinate more slowly in cool soil than in hot.”

▪️It is preferable to mix the crop with a few radish seeds and combine them in rows, and this will help the crop grow quickly, and you should cover the soil with a quarter to half an inch of compost.

When irrigating the soil, you must distribute the water gently and accurately to avoid removing the seeds from their place, and you must maintain the soil moisture constantly.

1. How to grow carrots without seeds.

You can grow carrots in water without seeds.

▪️Cut off the top of a carrot.

▪️You will need about 2.5 cm from the root.

▪️Place a toothpick on either side of the carrot stem and balance it over a small cup.

▪️Use an old glass of juice for this as you will likely end up with metallic spots. Fill the cup with water until it just reaches the bottom edge of the stem.

▪️Place the glass in a light, not a sunny window.

▪️Add water to keep it touching the edge and watch the roots sprout.

2. How to grow carrots at home.

For a summer harvest, sow the seeds outdoors 3 to 5 weeks before your last spring frost date.

▪️To ensure a continuous harvest, plant a new round of seed every 3 weeks until late spring.

▪️For a fall crop, sow the seeds in mid to late summer starting about 10 weeks before the first fall frost.

▪️Carrots need a location that receives full sunlight, although they can tolerate partial shade as well.

▪️The soil should be loose, sandy or clay and well aerated so that the carrot roots can easily run through the soil.

3. How to grow red carrots.

We recommend sowing red carrot seeds directly in the garden (or wherever you plan to plant them) rather than transplanting. Carrots do not like to disturb their roots.

▪️Plant ¼ inch deep, 2 to 3 inches deep in rows 1.

▪️Try to distribute the seeds evenly so that the seeds do not grow together.

▪️Keep the soil moist by using frequent shallow watering. In order for the seeds of young carrots to germinate, the soil should not form a hard crust on top; Cover them with a layer of vermiculite or fine compost to prevent crust formation.

▪️Carrots are sometimes slow to germinate. It can take 2 to 3 weeks to show any sign of life, so don’t panic if the reflux doesn’t appear right away.

Expected problems and disadvantages when growing carrots.

▪️The biggest threats to the islands are animal pests, especially four-footed creatures such as deer, squirrel, mountain mice and rabbits, and you have to put a tight fence around the area to be planted, and you should be very careful of small insects that look like red-eyed flies and have a green color with a head yellow; Because they hatch white larvae that burrow into the roots of carrots, and after the infected roots turn dark red and their leaves turn black.

▪️These pests occur in early spring, so one solution is to delay planting carrots until early summer, when they are less susceptible to damage, or put a lid over rows of plants to keep the flies away.

▪️The appearance of green caterpillars with black stripes, which forms white or yellow spots, and feeds on the leaves of the carrot tree, and is treated when it becomes in the larval stage, by transferring the larvae to the herbs instead of killing them, and after a short time these larvae will turn into more than one cocoon out of it Beautiful butterflies.

▪️The emergence of carrot mite larvae, usually found on the American East Coast, and cause the death of carrot roots, especially in the crop that was planted in the spring, and you can reduce the larvae by rotating crops with different plants.

▪️The appearance of nematodes and microscopic animals rich in predatory microorganisms, which form small nodes along the roots that lead to stunted growth of carrots, and then you have to rotate crops with various plantings, and you have to put a lot of compost. the appearance of a leaf blight; It is the most common carrot disease, and it begins on the margins of the leaf with white or yellow spots that turn brown and watery. If leaf blight is a problem in your area; You should choose resistant carrot varieties from the start.

▪️Hot and humid weather causes a bacterial disease called soft vegetable rot. To prevent this disease, you must follow the method of crop rotation, and keep the soil ventilated, and this disease spreads during storage; So do not store bruised carrots.

▪️The yellow carrot leaf disease causes a hindrance in the formation of tufts of roots on the growing carrot, and the disease is spread by locusts; Therefore, the best and best way to prevent the problem is by covering the new plantings with covering the rows, so that it prevents the locusts from reaching the carrot crop.

Harvest .

You can harvest carrots when they are the size of a finger, but carrots become tastier when they get bigger, and you can start harvesting them as soon as you see carrots big enough to eat, or leave them until the crop is ripe and harvest all at once.

Carrots are often harvested before the frost season when the soil is wet, and it is easy here to dig the soil and bring out the crop, but if the ripening of the crop is delayed and the air is dry, the crop may bruise when pulling the carrots from the soil, so you must first loosen the soil with a shovel, and you must also water the rows with water So that it is easy to pull out the carrots and harvest the crop correctly.

How do you store fresh carrots?

To store freshly harvested carrots, remove them from the soil, scrub the soil under cool water, let them dry and place them in airtight plastic bags, and cool them in the refrigerator.

If you simply put fresh carrots in the refrigerator, they will limp in a few hours. You can leave ripe carrots in the soil for temporary storage if the ground is not drained and pests are not a problem. Carrots can be stored in moist sand basins for winter use.

Reference :

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