Health

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Is a complex series of procedures used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child

The world first knew this expression in 1978 when Louis Brown, the world’s first test tube baby, was born. This method has begun to overcome some obstacles that prevent pregnancy when viewing the fallopian tubes or animal rights, such as blockage of the fallopian tubes or sperm rights in men. Torture in cases of torture in the womb.

During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are transferred to a uterus. One full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks. Sometimes these steps are split into different parts and the process can take longer.

The Chances of having a healthy baby using IVF depend on many factors, such as the age of women and the cause of infertility. In addition, IVF can be time-consuming, expensive and invasive. If more than one embryo is transferred to your uterus, IVF can result in a pregnancy with more than one fetus (multiple pregnancy)

– : When is it recommended to use IVF

1- Fallopian tube damage or blockage, Fallopian tube damage or blockage makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.

2- Ovulation disorders. If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.

3-Sterility

4-Endometriosis.

5- Presence of antibodies in the cervix against sperm.

– : Risks of IVF include

1- Multiple births, A pregnancy with multiple fetuses carries a higher risk of early labor and low birth weight than pregnancy with a single fetus does.

2- Premature delivery and low birth weight

3- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, in which your ovaries become swollen and painful.

4- Miscarriage. 

5- Ectopic pregnancy.

6- Egg-retrieval procedure complications. Use of an aspirating needle to collect eggs could possibly cause bleeding, infection or damage to the bowel, bladder or a blood vessel.

7- Birth defects. The age of the mother is the primary risk factor in the development of birth defects.

– : Before beginning a cycle of IVF

1- Ovarian reserve testing. To determine the quantity and quality of your eggs, you might test the concentration of (FSH), estradiol (estrogen) and anti-mullerian hormone in your blood during the first few days of your menstrual cycle.

2- Semen analysis.

3- Infectious disease screening. You and your partner will both be screened for infectious diseases, including HIV.

4- Practice (mock) embryo transfer.

5- Uterine exam.

You will need one to two weeks of ovarian stimulation, when the eggs are ready for collection, your doctor will : -likely perform

1- Vaginal ultrasound.

2- Blood tests, to measure your response to ovarian stimulation medications.

– : Sometimes IVF cycles need to be canceled before egg retrieval for one of these reasons

1- Inadequate number of follicles developing

2- Premature ovulation

3- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

4- Other medical issues

-: About 12 – two weeks after egg retrieval, you will test a sample of your blood to detect whether you’re pregnant

1- If you’re pregnant, you will start the prenatal care.

2- If you’re not pregnant, you’ll stop taking progesterone and likely get your period within a week.

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