Education

Mental capacity.

Mental ability is one of the important and influential matters, but also essential in the process of human thinking, as mental ability is defined as that group of methods of cognitive performance, as it is closely and strongly linked to each other while it is marginally related to others.

‘Mental capacity’ means being able to make your own decisions.

Someone lacking capacity – because of an illness or disability such as a mental health problem, dementia or a learning disability – cannot do one or more of the following four things:

1.Understand information given to them about a particular decision.

2. Retain that information long enough to be able to make the decision.

3.Weigh up the information available to make the decision.

4. Communicate their decision.

We all make decisions, big and small, every day of our lives and most of us are able to make these decisions for ourselves, although we may seek information, advice or support for the more serious or complex ones. For large numbers of people their capacity to make certain decisions about their life is affected either on a temporary or on a permanent basis.

_ A person with a learning disability may lack the capacity to make major decisions, but this does not necessarily mean that they cannot decide what to eat, wear and do each day.

_ A person with mental health problems may be unable to make decisions when they are unwell, but able to make them when they are well.

_ A person with dementia is likely to lose the ability to make decisions as the dementia gets more severe.

What causes a lack of mental capacity?

A lack of mental capacity could be due to:

1. a stroke or brain injury.

2. a mental health problem.

3. dementia.

4.a learning disability.

5. confusion, drowsiness or unconsciousness because of an illness or the treatment for it.

6. substance or alcohol misuse.

Tips to increase mental capacity

1. Keep the brain moist, the brain is about 80% water. Water is a very important component for all parts of the body. You should drink 8 to 10 glasses of water daily. Start your day with breakfast, in addition to that breakfast is useful to prevent obesity, also a healthy breakfast has an excellent effect on the performance of the mind in all memory tests.

2. Start your day with breakfast. In addition, breakfast is useful for preventing obesity. A healthy breakfast has an excellent effect on the performance of the mind in all memory tests.

3. Over time, the brain produces substances known as free radicals that work to oxidize the brain. “Rust cells.” Antioxidants have a destructive effect on these substances. You can find them in fresh fruits, barley, beans, coconut, herbs, and finally tea.

4. One of the best ways to ensure adequate amounts of oxygen is exercise.

5. Mental exercises Playing games that require thinking, analysis, and mental endurance, such as chess.

6. Eat foods rich in fatty acids, especially omega-3s, such as: almonds, berries, and walnuts, so that these foods help improve cognition, aid in understanding, thinking, and developing skills.

Types of mental abilities.

There are different types of mental abilities, and people differ among themselves in these abilities. A person may be distinguished by a certain type of mental capacity, while he may suffer from a weakness in another type.

Types of basic mental abilities include:

1. Associative memory, which is the mental capacity associated with the ability to preserve and recall information.

2. Numerical ability, which is the mental capacity related to the ability to solve arithmetic problems.

3. Sensory Velocity: It expresses the ability to see differences and similarities between things.

4. Inference, which is the ability to find rules that connect things. Spatial visualization, which is the ability to visualize and relate relationships.

5. Verbal Comprehension, which is the ability to understand and define the meaning of words.

6. Word fluency, which is the ability to quickly produce words.

7. Mental capacity, which expresses a person’s ability to make his own decisions, is related to his ability to understand information, keep it and balance it to make personal decisions.

References :

Mental capacity”, www.mentalhealth.org.uk

قدرات العقل … أهم النصائح لزيادة قدرات عقلك/Www.dailymedicalinfo.com

القدرات العقلية: ما هي أنواعها؟/ www.esteshary.com

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