Around the world

North American countries.

North America occupies the northern part of the large supercontinent known as the Americas or the New World, surrounded by the Arctic Ocean on the north, the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and the Pacific Ocean on the west and south. It has a land border with the South American continent, which stretches along the state border between Panama and Colombia.

In total, in North America, there are 23 officially recognized independent states. The largest is Canada, followed by the large United States as well. Together, these two giants occupy more than 79% of the entire continent. The smallest country in this part of the world is Saint Kitts and Nevis, it is only two small islands in the Caribbean.

1. Canada.

As the second largest country in the world with an area of ​​9,984,670 square kilometers (3,855,100 square miles), Canada includes a variety of land areas, vast marine terrain, thousands of islands, lakes and inland waters more than any other country, and the longest coastline. On this planet.

In essence, Canada is a diverse set of terrain, the most important of which are: the Appalachian Mountains, the St. Lawrence River, the Canadian Shield, and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago; The Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, Great Plains, Lake Winnipeg, Colombia, Fraser, Mackenzie and Yukon Rivers; Big Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, the Rocky Mountains, the Canadian Cordillera, and dozens of volcanoes along the Pacific Ring of Fire.

Canada is bordered by the contiguous US state of Alaska in the northwest and 12 other US states in the south. Canada’s border with the United States is the longest bi-national land border in the world. Canada is also bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Canada also shares maritime borders with Greenland in the northeast and the French islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the southeast.

2. Antigua and Barbuda.

Covering an area of ​​just 440 square kilometers, the two-island nation of Antigua and Barbuda is located in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean and helps separate the Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea. Both islands are relatively low limestone formations; It is surrounded by coral reefs and sandbars, and it is bordered by beaches, small lakes and natural harbors. They share maritime borders with Anguilla, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis and Saint Barthelemy.

The highest point is Mount Obama (formerly Buggy Peak), which is located in the mountainous region of southwestern Antigua; It is a remnant of a volcanic crater, which rises to 405 m. There are no noticeable rivers and only a few streams, where the rainfall is very light. The lowest point is the Caribbean Sea (0 m).

3. Bahamas.

The Bahamas (all originally atolls) covers an area of ​​13,878 square kilometers, occupies a larger part of the Lucian Archipelago and includes a group of nearly 700 atolls (coral islands), and small low-lying islands composed largely of coral or sand.

The islands are mostly created by the breakup of coral reefs and seashells, and low scaling covers much of their surfaces.

The Bahamas is located in the Northern and Western hemispheres. It is located to the southeast of the state of Florida, USA. To the east of the Florida Keys; To the northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands; And to the north of Cuba and the islands of Hispaniola, which is shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

The Bahamas shares maritime borders with the United States, Cuba, Haiti, and the Turks and Caicos Islands. The highest point is on Cat Island, where the limestone rocks rise to 63 meters (206 feet) above sea level. There are a few small freshwater lakes and one small river located on Andros Island.

4. Barbados.

Barbados, the easternmost island in the Caribbean Sea, is relatively flat and less mountainous, compared to its more mountainous neighboring island in the west. It has an area of ​​439 square kilometers (169 square miles). The island is almost triangular in shape. In the western half, the land rises gently from the coastal lowlands to the steep hills. Behind those hills in the central highlands is the island’s highest point – Hillaby Mountain, at 1,120 feet (340 meters) above sea level.

Barbados is located to the east of Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; To the southeast of Martinique. To the northeast of Trinidad and Tobago. Barbados is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean.

5. Beliz.

Belize, a country of 22,966 square kilometers (8,867 sq mi), is divided into four major geographic regions, including the relatively low Maya Mountains in the south that dominate everyone except the narrow coastal plain. Northern limestone lowlands and their many rivers and streams; The flat coastal plain and swamps, and the myriad of islands, islands and lakes that lie on the fringes of the Caribbean coast.

Belize borders Mexico to the northwest. Guatemala to the west and south and the Caribbean Sea to the east.

6. Costa Rica.

Costa Rica covers an area of ​​51,100 square kilometers (19,700 sq mi) in Centra America. The Sierra Madre Mountains dominate most of Costa Rica, and have literally been divided into individual ranges and valleys by violent volcanic eruptions over eons of time.Costa Rica is a small country located in Central America.

It is located in the northern and western hemispheres. Nicaragua is bordered on the north by Costa Rica. From the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest.

7. Cuba.

With an area of ​​109,884 square kilometers, Cuba is the largest country by area in the Caribbean. Covering an area of ​​10,5006 square kilometers, the main island of Cuba is the 16th largest in the world by area.

Cuba is located in the east of the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico). To the south of Florida and the Bahamas. To the west is Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) and to the north by Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Cayman Trench, the Gulf of Mexico, the Straits of Florida, and the Caribbean Sea. Cuba shares maritime borders with the United States, Haiti, Honduras, the Bahamas, Jamaica and Mexico.

8. Dominica Island.

The island country of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea, has a volcanic origin. It has a total area of ​​750 square kilometers (290 sq mi).

Dominica is an island country in the Archipelago of the Lesser Antilles, located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. It is located in the northern and western hemispheres. Dominica is located between Guadeloupe and Mary Gallant in the north and Martinique in the south.

9. Dominican Republic.

The Dominican Republic, which occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, is the second largest country in the Caribbean. It has an area of ​​48,671 square kilometers (18,792 sq mi).

The Dominican Republic is mountainous in the center and west, while the vast lowlands dominate the southeast. There are four important mountain ranges in the Dominican Republic, with the rugged Cordillera Central mountain range – the highest and largest.Haiti is bordered to the west. Mona Pass (which separates the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico) to the east; The Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the south.

10 El Salvador.

It covers a total area of ​​21,041 square kilometers. (8,124 sq mi), El Salvador is a small mountain country in Central America, with two parallel mountain ranges bordering a central plateau.

The Sierra Madre Mountains extend along the entire northern border with Honduras. In the south, the land descends into a narrow coastal plain and a scattered chain of more than 20 volcanoes stretches across the Earth from west to east (some are still active, but major eruptions are rare).

It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras. Guatemala to the northwest and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Since El Salvador mostly occupies the western side of the isthmus; It is the only country in Central America that does not have a coast on the Caribbean Sea.

11. Grenada.

Covering a total area of ​​only 348.5 square kilometers (134.6 square miles), the nation of Grenada is made up of the larger Grenada island, the larger Carriacou and Petit Martinique, and about 600 small islands, most of which are uninhabited.

All the islands of Grenada are volcanic in origin and vary in altitude from 300 meters (984 feet) to more than 600 meters (1968 feet).Grenada is an island country located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and occupies the southern part of the Grenadines chain of islands. It is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Grenada is located in the northeast of Venezuela. To the northwest of Trinidad and Tobago; And to the southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

12. Guatemala.

A country in Central America, Guatemala covers an area of ​​108,889 square kilometers (42,042 sq mi). Guatemala is largely mountainous with steep hills, plateaus, deep river valleys, and many volcanoes. Some volcanoes are active.Guatemala is a country located in Central America. It is located in the northern and western hemispheres. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west.

By Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; From Honduras to the east; By El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

13. Haiti.

Covering an area of ​​27,750 square kilometers (10,710 sq mi), Haiti is the third largest country in the Caribbean, behind Cuba and the Dominican Republic. It occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola and consists of two peninsulas separated by the Gulf of Gonav.

It is located in the northern and western hemispheres. Haiti lies to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and to the south of the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands. The country is bordered on the east by the Dominican Republic. From the west and south the Caribbean Sea. And from the north the Atlantic Ocean.

14. Honduras.

Honduras occupies an area of ​​112,492 square kilometers (43,433 sq mi) in Central America. The country has three main topographic regions. It is a vast inland plateau of hills and mountains that dominate the landscape; Lowlands in the Caribbean, and lowlands in the Pacific Ocean – which surrounds the Gulf of Fonseca.Honduras is a country located in Central America.

It is located in the northern and western hemispheres. Honduras is bordered by Guatemala to the west. From El Salvador to the southwest; And Nicaragua to the southeast. It is also bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the Gulf of Fonseca to the south and the Caribbean Sea in the Gulf of Honduras to the north.

15. Jamaica.

Jamaica covers an area of ​​10,991 square kilometers (4,244 sq mi), and is the third largest island in the Caribbean, after Cuba and Hispaniola. It is a predominantly mountainous, narrow, disconnected coastal plain. The tiny island family of bays and islets, the family royals for white sand beaches for miles in some areas.

Jamaica is an island country located in the western-central Caribbean in the archipelago of the Greater Antilles. It is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Jamaica is located in the south of Cuba. Cayman Islands to the west of the Hispaniola Islands. It is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea.

16. Mexico.

Covering an area of ​​1,972,550 square kilometers (761,610 sq mi), Mexico is a country located in the southern part of North America. And it has very diverse terrain.Mexico is a country located in the southern part of North America. The country is autopsied by the Tropic of Cancer and is placed in the northern and western hemispheres.

Mexico shares land borders with the United States of America in the north, and with Guatemala and Belize in the southeast. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west. Through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Mexico shares its maritime borders with Cuba and Honduras.

17. Nicaragua.

Nicaragua is a country in Central America covering a total area of ​​130,370 square kilometers (50,340 sq mi) making it the largest country in the region.

The country can be roughly divided into three physiographic regions, which are the Pacific lowlands, the central highlands, and the highlands of the Caribbean Sea.

Nicaragua is a large country located in Central America. It is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Nicaragua borders Honduras to the northwest and Costa Rica to the south. It is bounded on the east by the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean on the southwest.

18. Panama.

Panama is a transcontinental country covering an area of ​​75,417 square kilometers (29,119 sq mi) from Central to South America. The country’s landscape is dominated by mountains of volcanic forests in origin that extend from its border in Costa Rica to Colombia.

Panama is a transcontinental country – located in Central America; On the southern edge of the Isthmus of Panama (a narrow strip of land connecting the continents of North and South America). It is located in the northern and western hemispheres. Panama is bordered on the southeast by Colombia and Costa Rica to the west. It is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

19 Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a twin island country that covers an area of ​​261 square kilometers (101 square miles). It is located in the eastern Caribbean Sea.

The dual island nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere. Both islands are actually the peaks of a submerged volcanic mountain range.Saint Kitts and Nevis is a country of two islands located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. They are also part of the Leeward chain of islands in the Lesser Antilles. It is geographically located in the northern and western hemispheres. Nevis is a small island located southeast of St. Kitts and is separated by a narrow channel – the strait. It is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Saint Kitts and Nevis shares maritime borders with Saint Eustatius, Saba, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Redunda, Venezuela and Montserrat.

20. Saint Lucia.

Saint Lucia is one of the many small islands that make up the Windward Islands in the Caribbean. Covering a total land area of ​​617 square kilometers, the landscape of Saint Lucia is dominated by dense jungle and a central edge of forested mountains.

Saint Lucia is known the world over for its gorgeous twin peaks Grouse Piton and Betty Piton on the southwest coast.

The Caribbean island of Saint Lucia is located in the eastern Caribbean in the Lesser Antilles region. The second largest of the Windward Islands – Saint Lucia is located in the Northern and Western hemispheres. Saint Lucia is located in the northeast of the Saint Vincent Islands. To the northwest of Barbados and to the south of Martinique. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean.

21.Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are a group of islands located in the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Covering a total area of ​​389 square kilometers (150 square miles), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines consist of the largest island of Saint Vincent and the Northern Grenadines, along with about 32 islands and hundreds of small islands, extending south (about 48 miles) to the state of Grenada.

It is a multi-island nation and part of the Windward Islands in the south of the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean. The islands are located in the northern and western hemispheres. Saint Vincent Island is located in the southwest of Saint Lucia. To the west of Barbados and to the northeast of Grenada. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines also shares maritime borders with Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela.

22 Trinidad and Tobago.

Located just a few miles from the South American continent, Trinidad and Tobago are mountainous islands with a few noteworthy mountains. Covering a total area of ​​5,131 square kilometers (1,981 sq mi), the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago is made up of two main islands in Trinidad and Tobago, along with many smaller islands.

Trinidad and Tobago shares a maritime border with Barbados to the northeast; Grenada to the northwest; Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the west and south. The islands are bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea. By the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east, and by the Bay of Paria to the west.

23. United States of America.

The United States covers a total area of ​​9,833,520 square kilometers. From this region, the 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia cover 8,080,470 square kilometers. The Hawaiian archipelago is 28,311 square kilometers, while the remainder is part of the United States.

The United States is located within North America, with Mexico to the south and Canada to the north. It is found in Norhern and the Western Hemisphere, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west, as well as the Gulf of Mexico to the south.

References :

List of countries in North America /countries of the world.com

Canada Map / www.worldatlas.com

Antigua and Barbuda Map / www.worldatlas.com

Bahamas Map / www.worldatlas.com

Barbados Map / www.worldatlas.com

Belize Map / www.worldatlas.com

Costa Rica Map / www.worldatlas.com

Cuba Map / www.worldatlas.com

Dominica Map / www.worldatlas.com

Dominican Republic Map / www.worldatlas.com

El Salvador Map / www.worldatlas.com

Grenada Map / www.worldatlas.com

Guatemala Map / www.worldatlas.com

Haiti Map / www.worldatlas.com

Honduras Map / www.worldatlas.com

Jamaica Map / www.worldatlas.com

Mexico Map / www.worldatlas.com

Nicaragua Map / www.worldatlas.com

Panama Map / www.worldatlas.com

Saint Kitts and Nevis Map / www.worldatlas.com

Saint Lucia Map / www.worldatlas.com

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Map / www.worldatlas.com

Trinidad and Tobago Map / www.worldatlas.com

United States of America (USA) Map / www.worldatlas.com

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