Around the world

Northern European countries.

There are seventeen countries that are part of Northern Europe.

Northern Europe is located in the northern part of Europe.It includes almost all of Europe above the 54th north parallel.This runs all the way from west to east.The Gotland Peninsula and the Baltic Plain lie in the far east and there are also many islands off the coast from Greenland, northern Europe and the whole of Europe.

Since Northern Europe encompasses a vast region, the region’s climate, relief, and vegetation varies widely. The countries here have some of the best standards of living in the world and their economies are highly developed.These countries generally have low population density and largely urban population.Protestant Christianity is the predominant religion here, but there is an increasing number of non-believers and Muslims in the region, the latter being due to the high rates of immigration.

Northern European countries.

_Aland Islands:

Despite the autonomous territory of Finland, the land Islands are, for historical reasons, more Swedish than Finnish.

They have their own unique culture, Swedish dialects, flag and stamps, and it remains one of the most popular summer vacation destinations for Swedes and Finns alike.

Besides beautiful landscapes, these (almost flat) islands feature medieval castles, churches, museums, parks, and fishing villages in the ancient world, and are especially suitable for family vacations that include biking, camping, and water sports.

The Alands are easily accessible by ferry from the mainland, and are well served by the inland ferry service.

_ Denmark:

Denmark occupies an area of ​​42,933 square kilometers (16,577 sq mi).

Denmark consists mostly of flat lands with very little elevation, with the exception of the mountainous central region of the Jutland Peninsula.It has an average height above sea level of only 31 meters (101 feet) and the highest natural point is Moleug, at 170.86 meters (560.6 feet).


Estonia is one of the Baltic states in Northern Europe with an area of ​​45,227 square kilometers (17,462 square miles). Including the mainland and 2,222 islands.

Located in northwestern Estonia on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, Tallinn – the capital, Estonia’s largest and most populous city. It is also the administrative, cultural, educational and financial center of the country.The country is mostly low-lying and flat (close to sea level). It is also almost surrounded by water from all sides.

Estonia has 3,794 km (2,357 mi) of coastline interspersed with many bays, fjords, and inlets. The number of islands and islets is estimated at about 2,222; Most of them are small with a few large islands off the west coast.In the center and south, the land is more hilly, rising to its highest point – Munamagi – at 1,042 feet (318 meters).

The country’s average height is only 50 meters (164 feet).

More than 1,400 small lakes dot the western parts of the country. The largest lakes include Pepos, Pskov (shared with Russia), and Lake Fortis-Garf.

Size rivers include Emojogi, Manamagi, and Parnu. The lowest point in Estonia is 0 meters at sea level.

Pharos Islands:

The official name Faroe Islands (Faroe alternative, or Fury), an autonomous region in Denmark, claimed in 1380The administrative capital, TorshavnThe Faroese and Danish languagesLatitude / longitude 62º 00 ‘north, 7’00’ westThe official currency is the Danish KroneLutheran ReligionsThe population is 46,345Land area 1,399 square kilometers (540 sq mi).

The Faroe Islands are lava-based islands with high coastal slopes and some soaring peaks. Its highest point (on Eysturoy) rises to 2,894 feet (882 meters)Grass grows along the base of native mountains, but few trees survive due to the relentless North Atlantic winds.

The winters are temperate, the summers are cool, and most days are cloudy, foggy and windy.

_ Finland:

Finland, a northern European country, covers an area of ​​338,455 square kilometers (130,678 square miles).

During the last Ice Age, Finland was covered with a thick layer of ice. When this ice sheet receded (or melted) about 10,000 years ago, it eroded the Earth’s surface and left in its wake countless islands, rivers and streams, plus an estimated 188,000 lakes. Note that approximately 60,000 of those lakes are over 200 meters wide.It is mostly flat land, and more than 70% of it is covered with dense forests. In the southern regions, water appears to be more common than on Earth as there are countless clear water lakes everywhere.


The beautiful Channel Islands are located off the coast of France within the English Channel, all belonging to the British Crown, and are fiercely independent and justifiably proud of their history and traditions.

_ Iceland:

The northern island nation of Iceland occupies an area of ​​103,000 square kilometers (40,000 square miles) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Iceland is largely an arctic desert dotted with mountains, glaciers, hot springs, volcanoes and waterfalls.

Most of the vegetation and agricultural areas are located in the lowlands near the coast.The country’s most defining feature is the glaciers that cover more than 4,600 square miles (11,922 square kilometers) or 11,5% of the country’s total area. But over the past few decades, it has weakened significantly and declined due to a milder climate.

Iceland’s highest point is Hvannadalshnukur, a summit on the edge of Öræfajökull volcano, which rises 6,922 feet (2,110 m). This point is marked on the map by a yellow right triangle.

_ Ireland:

An island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, Ireland has an area of ​​84,421 square kilometers (32,595 square miles).

The country enjoys hugely diverse terrain despite its small size.

Ireland’s central lowlands are dissected from rolling plains by swamps, lakes (lakes), and rivers, surrounded by hills and low mountains.

_ The Isle of Man:

It is a small country located between England and Ireland.


It is located off the coast of France, within the English ChannelEnjoy a thriving financial industry. Additionally, it is known throughout the world for its locally grown flowers.

_ Latvia:

Latvia, one of the Baltic states in Europe, lies along the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea and covers an area of ​​4,589 square kilometers (24,938 square miles).

Latvia is a very flat lowland country, largely covered by forests. There are some low hills in the west and the far southeast. An area of ​​about 98% of Latvia is less than 200 meters (656 feet).

There are over 3000 small lakes in the country. Latvia also has many rivers, earning 12000. However, most of the rivers are very short. Only 17 rivers flow for more than 100 kilometers (60 mi).

The lowest point in Latvia is the Baltic Sea at 0 meters.

_ Lithuania:

With an area of ​​65,300 square kilometers, and a population of about 2.8 million, Lithuania is the largest and most populous of the three Baltic republics.

Lithuania is fading due to the retreat of glaciers during the last Ice Age, and it is mostly a flat lowland in the west, with some low hills.

In the east and southeast, marshes, numerous small lakes and steep hills in the Baltic Highlands dominate the landscape, with dense forests covering most of the land.

_ Norway:

Norway is a northern European country covering an area of ​​385207 square kilometers on the Scandinavian Peninsula. As noted on the physical map of Norway, the country is extremely mountainous and has a steep coastline.

Before the last Ice Age ended about 10,000 years ago, Norway was covered in a thick layer of ice. When this ice finally receded (or melted) its movement across the earth formed islands, lakes, rivers and mountains. He also dug into deep valleys that filled with sea water to form the Norwegian fjords.


Is a small island in the English Channel Islands, southwest of the English Channel, off the coast of Normandy, the island forms part of Guernsey, with a population of about 600 people. It has an area of ​​2.10 square miles (5.44 km2).

_ Svalbard and Jan Mayen:

Located in the Arctic Ocean, it is the northern part of the Kingdom of Norway. The islands in this archipelago extend from 74 ° N to 81 ° N and 10 ° E to 35 ° E, midway between the Arctic and Norway. Svalbard experiences an arctic climate.

_Sweden :

One of the northern countries in northern Europe, covering an area of ​​450,295 square kilometers.

The country’s topography is largely shaped by ice. During the last Ice Age, much of Sweden was covered by a thick layer of ice. By 6000 BC, when this ice had finally receded (or melted), it left in its wake a deep coastline (in the south) with many islands, and countless lakes, rivers, and streams scattered across the country.

_ United Kingdom (Great Britain and Northern Ireland):

Covering an area of ​​244,820 square kilometers, the United Kingdom is part of the British Isles – which includes the two main islands of Great Britain and Ireland along with many smaller offshore islands. Great Britain is the largest of the two islands while Ireland is the second largest.It is also the capital of England and is the administrative, economic, financial, commercial and cultural center of the whole of the United Kingdom.

The United Kingdom is made up of the federation of the individual states of England, Scotland and Wales (collectively, Great Britain) and the constitutionally distinct region of Northern Ireland. The individual states of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are also divided into a number of boroughs, cities, council regions, counties and counties.

References :

“Northern Europe Map”,

  “Europe Countries And Regions,

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