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Seven wonders of the world … old world

Most of these ancient wonders no longer exist. They have been destroyed by wars and earthquakes over time, but they have remained in their imaginations for a very long time through the ages.

Mediterranean civilizations have offered many gifts to the world, for example the ancient Greeks established a new system of government called democracy. The Greek democratic system set an example for many modern governments around the world.

Get ready to visit some of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. We will discover cities, temples, monuments and other wonders from long ago in one stop.

1_ The Great Pyramid in Giza: The tomb of an ancient Egyptian king, the pyramid is still standing in Giza, Egypt.

Thousands of years ago ancient Egypt was ruled by kingsWho are called the Pharaohs.They ruled the earth from about 2920 to 332 AD.

At that time Egypt was a rich and powerful country that had influence throughout the Middle East and Central AfricaAs rulers of this wealthy landThey had palaces and treasures and built huge royal tombs.

Once the pharaoh became king, he orders the workers to build his tomb regardless of the pharaoh’s young age, because building Egyptian tombs often takes a long time and every pharaoh wanted his tomb to be perfect.The ancient Egyptians built more than fifty pyramids

The Egyptians buried important people in underground tombs in the Valley of the Kings, a desert region in central Egypt.

The tombs are divided into two partsThe section consists of large complexes dug under the sands of the desert in Egypt.

The second section are pyramids, which are huge monuments with a height of several stones.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest pyramid that was ever built in Egypt.

Around the year 2551 AD, the Egyptian Pharaoh came to power, and he is the son of King Senefru and Queen HetepherasHis father, King Senefru, was the first to build a pyramid containing rooms above the ground.

Great Pyramid of Khufu:

It took workers more than twenty years to finish the Great PyramidThe 2.3 million stone blocks in the pyramid weigh more than 6 million tons.

But in modern times the Great Pyramid has shrunk in sizeIt was 481 feet tall in the past, but during the thirteenth and twentieth centuries AD the limestone cover was removed and moved to help build the city of Cairo.The size of the pyramid has shrunk to now be 450 feet in heightAnd 755 feet on each side.

2_ Giant statue of Rhodes: a giant statue of Helios, the god of the sun, which is derived from a Greek word meaning statul.

The giant sun god stands on the island of Rhodes, part of the modern country of GreeceThe Colossus of Rhodes was standing at or near the entrance to the Mandraki harbor. The harbor is located on the eastern side of the city of Rhodes at the northeastern tip of the island.

The reason why the ancient Greeks placed the statue in the harbor was because it was a message of thanks from the inhabitants of Rhodes to Helios for his help in the war.

3_ the Hanging Gardens of Babylon:

The city of Babylon under the rule of King Nebuchadnezzar II must have been a wonder in the eyes of ancient travelersAccounts indicate that the park was built by King Nebuchadnezzar, who ruled the city for 43 years, starting from 605 BC.

(And there is the story of a substitute that the gardens were built by the Assyrian Queen Semiramis during her five-year reign starting from 810 BC). This was the height of the city’s power and influence. According to accounts, the gardens were built to please Nebuchadnezzar’s wife, who feels homesick. A daughter of the king of the Medes, she married Nebuchadnezzar to establish an alliance between the two peoples.

Perhaps the hanging gardens weren’t really hanging in the sense that they were suspended from wires or ropes. The name comes from an inaccurate translation of the Greek word pensilis. Which does not mean only suspension, but as in the case of the balcony.

The Greek geographer Strabo, who described the gardens in the first century BC, wrote that they consist of domed terraces, one rising above the other and resting on its cube-shaped columns while they were hollow.

And filled with earth to allow even larger trees to exist. Columns, vaults and steps were constructed of burnt bricks and asphalt. The climb to the highest floor is done by stairs, and next to it there are water engines to raise water from the Euphrates River to the garden.

As for its size, Diodorus tells us it was 400 feet wide, 400 feet long and more than 80 feet high.

4_ Temple of EPHESUS :

It was built in the regions of EphesusToday you can only see the ruins of the foundations of this magnificent Hellenistic building made entirely of marble.

The most beautiful remains of this temple are on display today in the British Museum, London.

The oldest thing that has been found dates back to the sixth century BC. It was surrounded by 36 huge columns. It was later expanded on the orders of Lydia’s king Chris S. during the 6th century BC.

The new Artemis was rebuilt in the second century B.C. It is located above the previous column and had enormous dimensions: 127 columns with a height of 17.5 meters unfortunately this too was destroyed by fireIt was rebuilt and demolished again by earthquakes. It was finally rebuilt and plundered by the Goths one year later.

The statue of Artemis with multiple breasts was a symbol of the temple but also a symbol of abundance, hunting and wildlife.

The original statue of Artemis, which was removed during the fire, is on display today in the Ephesus Museum.

5_ The Museum in Halicarnassus, Mausoleum of Mausolus, a marble tomb of the ruler in the Persian Empire:

One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the tomb of the satrap was Mausolus Caria. It began shortly after 367, when Mausolus re-established the city of Halicarnassus, was completed after the death of his wife Artemisia in 351, and is perhaps best interpreted as the mausoleum of his hero. As the founder of the city. Its architect was Pythios Priene. Vitruvius records that he and the court sculptor of Mausolus wrote a book about the building, and he and Pliny the Elder noticed that four other sculptors, including Scopas, had joined them. Pliny also defines the shape of the building, states that Scopas and his colleagues took one side of it, and adds that Pithius made the set of chariots that crowned it. It remained until the fifteenth century, when the Knights of Rhodes uprooted it for their castle.

6_ Lighthouse of Alexandria:

On the tiny island of Pharos in the port of Alexandria, Egypt, it is the archetype of all subsequent lighthouses and was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was one of the last of the original Seven Wonders of the World to be destroyed, after multiple earthquakes had turned most of the original structure into rubble, and the Sultan of Egypt turned it into a medieval fortress around the year 1480.

The lighthouse was built by Ptolemy I, the Greek general who stayed to rule after Alexander the Great invaded Egypt, shortly after Ptolemy declared himself pharaoh in 305 BC. Construction began in about 280 BC during the reign of his son, and took an estimated 33 years to complete, at a cost estimated twice as much as the Parthenon.

The tower was built in three phases of decreasing size, and reached a height of more than 300 feet. For centuries, it was one of the tallest structures ever built by humans, second only to the Great Pyramid of Giza. Its light was blazing near the summit every night, reinforced by a polished bronze mirror. Many ancient descriptions of the tower describe a statue at the top of the tower, and while many historians believe it was originally a statue of Zeus, it has been changed into a depiction of a number of different deities or rulers over the centuries.

After being lost for centuries, the ruins were rediscovered on the floor of Alexandria’s port in 1994, and today they can be visited while diving.

7_the statue of Zeus in Olympia:

A statue honors the king of the gods of the creek stood in Olympia Greece.

The Zeus statue is a colossal statue carved in Greece in 450 BC, which represents the Greek god Zeus. It is a statue of a huge man sitting on a wooden throne decorated with gold. The statue is covered by a scarlet-colored scarf, and a pure gold scepter is held in his hand. It was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Bust description:

This statue was erected on the famous Mount Olympus in Greece, and its maker is the famous sculptor called (Repidias). The huge statue was about 12 meters high, over a base about 6 meters high. This statue was made of ivory-clad wood and decorated with gold. Unfortunately, this statue does not exist now, as it was destroyed by fire more than 2,500 years ago.

Reference:

Mechael woods, Mary B. woods، seven wonders of the ancient world

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

EPHESUS

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

Greco-Roman Period Monuments

The statue of Zeus at Olympia.

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