It is the geographical area located in the southeast of the Mediterranean to the Jordan Valley, located in the west of the continent of Asia and connecting to North Africa and the Sinai Peninsula at the meeting point of the two continents, consisting of the southwestern part of the Levant connected to Egypt, so Palestine is located in a strategic location between Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan, and it is a land Missions, religions and the cradle of human civilizations, as it passed over the oldest city in it, Jericho, twenty-one civilizations since the eighth millennium BC.
It is the cradle of the Jewish and Christian religions, and this land has a long history and roots in culture, religion, commerce and politics. Therefore, many of its cities have historical and religious significance, especially Jerusalem. In Palestine, historical evidence speaks of the long and intertwined history of this land since prehistoric times.
The oldest known people who settled this land are the Canaanites, and the region has been controlled by many different peoples, including the ancient Egyptians, the Philistines (from the land of Philistia), the Israelites, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Arab Caliphate, the Crusaders, the Ayyubids , the Mamluks and the Ottomans. The British and finally Israel after the Nakba in 1948.
Palestine is rich in many cities that contributed to the establishment of its civilization, and the number of cities in it is about 23 cities.
Here we list the most important beautiful cities in Palestine, including: –
– Jerusalem (Jerusalem) and the capital of Palestine
– Haifa (Bride of Carmel)
-Gaza (the largest city in southern Palestine)
-Ramallah and Al-Bireh
Palestinian history: –
1917 – The British occupy Palestine in World War One
1948 – (Nakba Day), referring to the war that broke out in Mandate Palestine during the period between the United Nations vote on the partition resolution. Egypt occupies the Gaza Strip while Israel controls the rest of Palestine, including West Jerusalem. At least three-quarters of a million Palestinians are expelled or fleeing their homes. The establishment of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) to respond to the health and educational needs of the refugees.
1967 – A war breaks out between Israel and Egypt, Syria and Jordan, with logistical assistance from several Arab countries, ending with the victory of Israel and its seizure of the rest of Palestine (the Gaza Strip and the West Bank). And the displacement of more Palestinian people to neighboring countries.