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Stroke _first aid.

Overview.

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing brain tissue from getting oxygen and nutrients. Brain cells begin to die in minutes.

A stroke is a medical emergency, and prompt treatment is crucial. Early action can reduce brain damage and other complications.

Symptoms.

In the event of a possible stroke, use F.A.S.T. to help remember warning signs.

▪️ Face. Does the face droop on one side when the person tries to smile?

▪️ Arms. Is one arm lower when the person tries to raise both arms?

▪️ Speech. Can the person repeat a simple sentence? Is speech slurred or hard to understand?

▪️ Time. During a stroke every minute counts. If you observe any of these signs, call 911 or your local emergency number immediately.

Other signs and symptoms of a stroke, which come on suddenly, include:

▪️ Weakness or numbness on one side of the body, including either leg.

▪️ Dimness, blurring or loss of vision, particularly in one eye.

▪️ Severe headache — a bolt out of the blue — with no apparent cause.

▪️Unexplained dizziness, unsteadiness or a sudden fall, especially if accompanied by any of the other signs or symptoms.

Risk factors for stroke include having high blood pressure, having had a previous stroke, smoking, having diabetes and having heart disease. Your risk of stroke increases as you age.

First aid in the event of a stroke.

Discovering the signs of a stroke and knowing what to do next could save your life or the life of the affected person because every second after the stroke, a part of the brain dies due to lack of oxygen.

Here are some important steps to follow:

Step one: call an ambulance.

Recognize the signs of a stroke as we mentioned before:

Face: Has the person’s face changed? Does the mouth hang from one side? Is their smile straight or not?

Arms: Can he raise both arms or does one drift down?

Speech: Can the person repeat a simple sentence?

Are their words unclear?

If the answer to any of the above is yes, call an ambulance immediately.

Step Two: Ensure your safety and that of the injured person.

After calling an ambulance, you must follow the following instructions:

▪️ Stay calm.

▪️ Ensure that the surrounding area is safe and that there is no danger to the person such as moving vehicles or a high place.

▪️ Talk to the person and ask their name or other questions to see how they respond. If they can’t speak, ask them to hold your hand in response to the questions.

▪️ If the person does not respond in any way, they may be unconscious, and we will tell you the best way to deal with them later.

▪️ If the person is conscious: Gently place them in a comfortable or recovery position.

▪️ After the patient is in the correct position, loosen any tight clothing such as shirt collars or scarves.

▪️ If it’s cold, use a blanket or coat to keep the casualty warm.

▪️ Make sure he is breathing properly, and that there is nothing in his airway.If there are objects or materials in the mouth that may obstruct breathing, such as vomiting, put the person on their side in the recovery position .

▪️ Reassure the person and tell them that help is on the way.

▪️ Do not give him any food or liquids.

▪️ Note the person’s symptoms and look for any changes in the condition. It is important to give emergency personnel as much information as possible about the situation.

▪️ Try to remember the time your symptoms began. If possible, look at the clock for any change, as it is difficult to estimate the passage of time when you are in a stressful situation.

▪️ If the person is unconscious, move them to the recovery position.

▪️ Monitor airway and breathing. Lift the person’s chin and tilt their head back slightly. Wait to see if their chest moves. Listen for breathing sounds. Put your cheek over the person’s mouth and try to feel their breath. If there are no signs of breathing, begin CPR.

Step Three: Place the casualty in the recovery position”The recovery position”.

It is the optimal position for the injured or unconscious person until the ambulance arrives, and it is by placing the person on his side with his head and shoulders slightly raised and supported by a pillow or a piece of clothing.To do this:

▪️ Kneel next to him and take the arm that is farthest from the other side of his body.

▪️ Place the other arm on the person’s chest.

▪️ The closest leg should remain straight.

▪️ Bend the other knee.

▪️ Support the casualty’s head and neck and roll it on its side, with the lower leg straight and the upper leg bent at the knee.

▪️ When the knee touches the ground.

▪️ Tilt his head slightly forward and downward so that any vomit is drained into the airway.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation – CPR.

If you notice the person is not breathing properly, perform CPR. CPR is a lifesaving technique that can be done to help people whose breathing and heartbeats have stopped. If a person with a stroke is not breathing, CPR until ambulance arrives may save their life.

For people who haven’t had CPR training, the American Heart Association-AHA recommends starting CPR for teens and adults by pressing hard and quickly into the middle of the chest.

As for people who have received training and have a mouth guard, resuscitation is by means of high and strong chest compressions and giving rescue breaths at a rate of two breaths for every 30 compressions. And if they don’t have a mouthguard, they should just apply pressure.

Reference :

What should you do if someone has a stroke?/https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

Stroke _first aid /https://www.mayoclinic.org

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