Internal bleeding occurs inside the body, and may not be noticed at first, but if it continues for a long time; Some signs may appear; Such as a change in the color of the skin, or the form of colored spots with loss of consciousness.Symptoms of internal bleeding vary based on the location and rate of blood loss. Slow internal bleeding can cause the gradual onset of anemia, resulting in loss of energy, fatigue, shortness of breath and pallor. Gastrointestinal bleeding may also cause blood in the stool or vomit, and urinary tract bleeding. It can make urine bloody.
What is internal bleeding?
If, as we mentioned, it is bleeding that occurs inside the body due to damage to blood vessels.
Here it is necessary to differentiate between two types of internal bleeding:
▪️ Minor internal bleeding: which occurs as a result of a small blood vessel rupture near the surface of the skin, and is the most common.
▪️ Large internal bleeding: It is life-threatening, as it cannot be controlled, and it is one of the leading causes of death around the world.
It is worth noting that internal bleeding is not a disease in itself, but a symptom of another cause.
Symptoms of internal bleeding.
Internal bleeding is very dangerous because there is no sign of bleeding inside the body.
Usually the person begins to feel internal bleeding when symptoms appear, and at this stage it is life-threatening.
Blood is the nourishment for all parts of the human body, and blood loss and lack of access to the organs would cause various symptoms.
Symptoms of moderate to severe bleeding:
▪️ slight dizziness.
▪️ Headache is usually severe.
▪️ Diarrhea is usually brown or black.
▪️ General fatigue and weakness.
▪️ Unexplained exhaustion.
▪️ Pain and weakness in muscles and joints.
▪️ Reduction of Blood pressure.
▪️ temporary memory loss.
▪️ vision problems.
▪️ Abnormal pain that may sometimes cause nausea and vomiting.
▪️ Pain in the chest area.
▪️ shortness of breath.
▪️ Presence of blood in the urine.
▪️ Bruising in the area near the internal bleeding.
Symptoms of very severe internal bleeding:
▪️ Significantly low blood pressure.
▪️ rapid heartbeat.
▪️ excessive sweating.
▪️ Lack of urine and the ability to urinate.
▪️ Vomiting mixed with blood.
▪️ Cognitive loss.
▪️ Blood leaking from the eyes, ears, or noseorgan failure.
Causes of internal bleeding.
Some people with internal bleeding experience low blood pressure due to ongoing blood loss, and this is known as orthostatic hypotension. Common symptoms include feeling dizzy or lightheaded when standing.
The presence of other underlying conditions may help doctors determine if an individual is losing blood somewhere. For example, anemia is usually associated with slow and chronic internal bleeding, which can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath.
▪️ Blood vessel damage.
▪️Weakness of clotting factors, as the body makes proteins to stop any bleeding in the event of an injury or injury, but if the body does not produce enough clotting factors or clotting, it causes bleeding.
▪️Excessive use of certain medications, such as blood thinners, that prevent clotting and lead to severe bleeding in case of injury or accident, or aspirin that affects the stomach lining.
▪️ Chronic high blood pressure weakens blood vessel walls, and the weakened walls can form aneurysms that can rupture and bleed.
▪️ Inherited bleeding disorders such as hemophilia are an inherited condition that prevents blood from clotting.
▪️ Digestive problems, including colon polyps, colitis, Crohn’s disease, gastritis, esophagitis, and peptic ulcers.
▪️ Trauma, including car accidents and falls, that damage organs, blood vessels and bones.
▪️ Aneurysms. Weakened blood vessel walls can swell and form pockets of blood.
▪️ Fractures of larger bones, such as the femur, can cause significant internal bleeding.
Diagnosis of internal bleeding. Diagnosing internal bleeding usually requires medical exams, a physical exam, and a thorough review of the medical history. Your doctor may use laboratory tests and imaging tools to determine the cause of internal bleeding and measure its severity.
internal bleeding treatment.
The treatment of internal bleeding depends mainly on the severity of the bleeding itself.
If the internal bleeding is minor, treatment may include rest and drinking plenty of fluids, to help the body form a blood clot, as mentioned earlier.
For moderate to severe internal bleeding, your doctor may inject vitamin K, frozen plasma, blood and platelets into your blood vessels.
Today, doctors use large doses of substances that stimulate the body to form blood clots in order to stop bleeding and repair damage to the vessel wall.
Sometimes surgery may be needed in order to repair the damage to the blood vessel and get rid of the blood leaving it.
Depending on the severity of the internal bleeding, it can lead to organ failure, coma and, in some cases, death. Even with treatment, severe internal bleeding can lead to death.It is very important to identify and treat internal bleeding early to avoid any complications.
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