Islam

Table of division of inheritance

Inheritance is the distribution of property, money, gold and debts to the heirs from the family of the deceased, provided that the estate is divided among them according to the degree of kinship.
-The process of inheritance varies according to religion and according to the culture of society, but the main pillar on which inheritance is based in the Islamic religion is justice, as it has established fixed legislation that cannot be deviated from even if the deceased wrote a will, in order to avoid problems and disputes between family members.


Inheritance
is the distribution of property, money, gold and debts to the heirseen family members.

-And the hadith about inheritance was mentioned in the Holy Qur’an in the Almighty’s saying: “Allah enjoins you in your children for the male to be equal to the share of two females. He has a son and his parents inherited him, then his mother gets one third, and if he has brothers, then his mother gets a sixth after a bequest that he wills or a debt. Your fathers and your sons do not know which of them are nearer to you in benefit, an obligation from Allah. Indeed, God is All-Knowing, Wise.”

-And the hadith about inheritance was mentioned in the Holy Qur’an in the Almighty’s saying: “Allah enjoins you in your children for the male to be equal to the share of two females. He has a son and his parents inherited him, then his mother gets one third, and if he has brothers, then his mother gets a sixth after a bequest that he wills or a debt. Your fathers and your sons do not know which of them are nearer to you in benefit, an obligation from Allah. Indeed, God is All-Knowing, Wise.”


The wisdom of the idea of ​​inheritance
-The basic wisdom of inheritance is to provide a legitimate right for women and children, especially for pregnant women who carry a fetus in their wombs, because in the pre-Islamic era they were among the groups that were denied inheritance.
-Allah Almighty warns in His law that the money should not go through inheritance to those with strength and power, in order to avoid losing the interests of the people.
-Allah, the Exalted, the Majestic, also wants the division of inheritances justly to prevent quarrels and quarrels between relatives who are related by one blood relationship.
-Inheritance helps to build and cohesive the family, as it improves the process of economic distribution and prevents material inflation that leads to poverty.
-Inheritance also regulates family ties and relationships between its members.

Table of division of inheritance in Islam
• With regard to the husband, he obtains his wife’s inheritance in two cases. The first is in the event of the wife’s death and he does not have children from her or from others, then he gets half. As for the second case, if the wife dies and she has children from him or someone else, then he will have a quarter of what she left to bequeath.
• When the wife inherits, her share is divided according to the situation. For example, if the husband dies and he has no children from her or from others, she has the amount of a quarter, but if she has children from him or someone else, her share is the price.
• While the father gets the inheritance in a different division according to the situation, for example if the deceased inherited from fanaticism such as sons and sons, he gets the amount of one sixth, but if the deceased has no heirs, whether female or male he inherits all the inheritance, and if the deceased has female heirs, he gets one sixth Of the inheritance, while the female gets half, and the rest of the estate is distributed among the rest of the relatives.
• The father of the deceased gets to pay what his deceased son or daughter owned in the event that his son had children, whether male or female, and the evidence for this is the Almighty’s saying in the eleventh verse of Surat An-Nisa: “And for his parents, each one of them has a sixth of what he left if he had a child.”
• While the father gets one-sixth from the inheritance of the imposition in the event that his deceased son has only female daughters and does not have males, then he gets the rest by blindfolding, and the evidence for this is the saying of Ibn Abbas, may God be pleased with him, on the authority of the Prophet, peace be upon him: “Divide the money between The people of obligatory duties are on the Book of God, so if you leave the obligatory duties, the first is a male man.”
• A mother inherits from her deceased son or daughter one-sixth of the money if she has grandchildren from them, whether male or female. The evidence for this is the words of God Almighty in Surat Al-Nisa: “If he does not have a son and his parents inherit him, then his mother is one-third.”
• The share of the children of the deceased, whether the mother or the father, is divided according to the law of God, and the only daughter gets half of the estate, and the evidence for this is the Almighty’s saying: “And if she is one, then she has the half.”
• Whereas if she has a sister or more, they share a share estimated at two-thirds of the estate, and God mentioned this matter in Surat An-Nisa in the Almighty’s saying: “If they are more than two women, then they have two-thirds of what he left.”
• As for the inheritance of kinship owners, there are two conditions: First, that the deceased should not have a clan, and secondly, that he should not have an inheritance from the people of restitution, and kinship relatives are classified into sons and daughters, sons of male sons, daughters of female sons, sons and daughters of brothers, cousins ​​and daughters, cousins, maternal uncles and cousins.
• In the end, the inheritance is generally divided according to the marriage, such as the wife’s inheritance from her husband and vice versa, or according to lineage such as uncles, brothers, and fathers, and the rest is according to what the deceased recommended.

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