With the medical development that has occurred in dentistry, there are many methods of cosmetic dentistry that have enabled many people to obtain a beautiful and ideal smile, and because a beautiful smile is the first beauty factor, the interest in cosmetic dentistry has become more.
Cosmetic dentistry aims to provide a solution to these problems, but with a focus on finding a cosmetic solution as much as possible.
Research and development in dentistry in recent years has provided various cosmetic solutions, as well as small and large restorations.
The real revolution began with the development of composite materials and their use in dentistry as an alternative to metal fillings based on silver or gold.
Here are some cases that make a person resort to cosmetic dentistry:
1- Gum problems.
Some people suffer from sensitive gums that cause the accumulation of tartar, bacteria and plaque on the teeth, which leads to tooth decay, and sometimes severe infections may appear in the gums and abscesses form, which is extremely dangerous because it affects the safety of the whole body, in this case You must visit the dentist to clean the gums and get rid of infections.
2_ Dental problems.
If you suffer from crookedness, fracture or decay in the teeth, you can resort to dental cosmetic procedures that will address all these problems through the white filling that improves the appearance of the teeth, and is also used in the case of spaces between the teeth to beautify the teeth.
3 – Teeth whitening.
There are many ways to whiten teeth, some resort to home teeth whitening recipes that may succeed if there is a small percentage of yellowing, and the use of sodium bicarbonate is one of the most important methods of home teeth whitening, as it is recommended to put it on the toothbrush instead of the paste, but these methods need time It takes a long time to get the desired result, while everyone wants the best results in a short time.
4- Dental restoration.
This method is used when there are cavities and spots that do not disappear even after following some methods of teeth whitening, whether at home or in the clinic, or irregular spacing between the teeth, as well as in the case of short teeth or change in color after cutting the nerve.
5 – protruding teeth.
One of the most important problems that require going to the dentist, and is a result of the decline of the lower jaw or the emergence of the upper jaw.
6 – protruding lip.
One of the defects that make a person’s appearance inappropriate, and it is dealt with through the use of a fixed orthodontic device, and if this method does not work, there is no escape from resorting to cosmetic operations.
Cosmetic dentistry methods and materials used.
Composite materials today are widely used and give a solution to many problems. Since the last decade there is no longer any good reason to use mineral-based restoration materials.
Composite materials are made of resin with a suitable filler and pigments for nearly every possible color of the tooth. The principle of fixation of the tooth by a binder. It is safer and allows for a more conservative cavity preparation while maximally preserving the natural tooth.
The common name for composite materials is white fillers. Common methods of restoration with composite materials are fillings or filling the tooth cavity by pressing the material directly into the mouth, or an indirect restoration in the laboratory called “inlays” or “onlays”, which provides a solution to large spaces that are subjected to greater pressure.
Amalgam fillings have provided a solution for about 100 years, but today, due to the creation of various high-quality cosmetic solutions, there is no real reason to use this substance, which is one of its main components is mercury, which is known today as a toxic substance to humans.
Another interesting material and its use is gradually increasing is the hard porcelain material. This important development allows the porcelain to be melted and then pressed into a mould, thus making individual pieces that are precise, strong and free of metal.
Porcelain is also used in the manufacture of crowns and even bridges, with a small number of interlayers. The technique of implementation is indirect and is done in the laboratory and the cosmetic result is wonderful.
Another development in this field is the computerized industrial automation, which allows taking a sample of the tooth in a digital form, and transferring the information to a computer that directs instructions to a lathe to produce a suitable building from a block of porcelain for tooth restoration.
This method bypasses the laboratory stage and allows for immediate implementation of the work. This method is still not able to give a solution to all individual problems and currently the preferred method is handcraft.
The best way to beautify your teeth.
1. Teeth whitening.
Teeth whitening can be a very effective way to lighten the natural color of the teeth without removing any part of the tooth surface. Bleaching may not completely change the color, but it does reduce the intensity of darkening.
Teeth are whitened at the doctor by placing a rubber shield on the gums to protect them, such as a mouthguard, and then the teeth are exposed to peroxide.Hydrogen or carbamide peroxide, which makes teeth color lighter.
In some cases, the patient becomes allergic during treatment or a feeling of discomfort in the gums, sore throat, or white spots on the gums, but they are widerTemporary and disappear within a few days of the end of treatment, but if these side effects persist, the person should go to the dentist.
Cosmetic dentistry through lenses.
Dental veneers are porcelain laminates to cover the teeth and are known by this name because of their thin structure, which does not exceed 0.3 mm.To cover the front surface of the teeth to improve appearance and correct irregularities, veneers are usually made of porcelain or a composite adhesive such as resin.
Of course, dental veneers do not cause damage to the basic structure of the teeth and thus can maintain the strength and ensure the continued ease of eating any food.
Dental contact lenses are distinguished by their permanent shine, soft texture, and durability of color because they are free of any dyes, very strong, long lasting, and match your natural teeth.
Dental lenses uses.
▪️ Repair of crooked, uneven and worn out teeth.
▪️ Covering permanent stains that cannot be improved by teeth whitening.
▪️ Covering tooth discoloration caused by antibiotics.
▪️ Strengthen teeth with a layer of porcelain.Teeth whitening.
▪️ As an alternative to orthodontic treatment in some cases.
▪️ Changing the color, shape, size or length of the teeth for cosmetic reasons.
In some cases, it is necessary to remove a thin layer of the outer enamel, which ranges between (about 0.5 to 0.7 mm – the thickness of a nail or contact lens)To absorb the veneers then, the translucent lenses are attached to the teeth with an adhesive.
The end result is very natural and effective. Modern resins can be matched to the color of the teeth to mimic the details of transparencies and shadows.
The advantages of composite veneers are that they are less expensive to improve a smile.
Types of dental lenses.
▪️ Dental Lumineer.
Some call it dental lenses, which are layers made of ceramic that are prepared and processed in the laboratory by.
Dedicated devices that are very accurate, and this is considered cosmetic dentistry without braces.
Dental Lumineers Uses (Dental Lenses).
Dental lenses have many uses.
For example, they are used in:
▪️ Filling the spaces between the teeth and each other.
▪️ Teeth whitening by changing the color of the teeth from a dark color to a bright white color.
▪️ Change the shape and size of the teeth.
Advantages of dental lumineers.
1. It does not need to file the teeth or put the patient under the influence of anesthesia, whether before, during or after the installation, and therefore the patient does not feel any significant pain.
2. Its color does not change in any way with the passage of time, because it is made of ceramic, so you can beautify teeth without braces.
How is it installed?
Dental luminaire is installed only during two visits by the patient to the attending physician, in the first visit the doctor takes the dental measurements with high accuracy.
Then the doctor sends the measurements to the lab to be prepared, and the preparation period in the lab takes from one week to less than two weeks.
In the second visit, the doctor will have obtained the measurements from the lab after preparing them, and the doctor will install them with complete accuracy and the installation process does not take. It takes a long time for the patient to get a beautiful shape.
▪️ Dental veneers.
Dental veneers are a veneer made of porcelain or the so-called ceramic, with a thickness of about 0.5 mmTeeth to get a very excellent smile.
Among the cases in which veneers are used are:
1. Dental crowding, which is a severe narrowing of the spaces that are between the teeth, and this causes the teeth not to line up side by side.Or the protrusion of one of the teeth outward, or the rise of each other on top of each other, and in this case we find that veneers are the fastest way.
2. Close the spaces between the teeth.
3. Change the color of the teeth if you suffer from dark-colored teeth.
4. Treating damaged and broken teeth, whether due to tooth decay or if it was due to the patient’s exposure to an accident or the like.
3. Dental crowns.
sometimes called crowns or caps, cover the teeth completely, and help restore the natural shape and aesthetic appearance. Crowns are good for protecting weak teeth, restoring broken or damaged teeth, properly covering the tooth, covering dental implants, and holding the tooth root in place. Crowns can be made of metal, porcelain fused to metal, resin, or ceramic materials. Because crowns are expensive, they are usually not recommended unless other cosmetic procedures are ineffective. The doctor prepares the tooth for receiving the crown, takes the printing templates for the shape of the teeth, and installs the temporary crown until the permanent crown is made, which is obtained in another visit. If you take good care, crowns can last for a very long time.
4. Dental bridges.
Bridges are used to replace missing teeth with artificial teeth. Bridges can be made of gold, alloys, porcelain, or a combination of any of them. Dentists fix the bridge on the surrounding teeth after preparing them to receive the crown, then the artificial tooth is joined to the crown and the bridge is fixed on the tooth. A fixed bridge can only be removed by a dentist. The success of a bridge depends on the foundation, so remember that oral hygiene to maintain dental health remains especially important if you wear bridges.
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