Education

The eight types of intelligence.

Why are some children better at sports, others better at math, and others better at painting, reading, or playing an instrument? The answer seems simple and full of meaning: because each child has his or her own motivations and talents, which he or she develops at his or her own pace and in a way that is different from others.

each child evolves with his or her own needs. Thus, a child who does not show interest in language, for example, might have great ability in the field of mathematics and spatial intelligence.

Intelligence: It is the capacity to learn, use and produce new solutions from what is learnt, and it is the ability to think, reason, question, and draw conclusions. So, what is multiple intelligence theory? Let’s see one by one:

Given that intelligence is a very broad concept, we need to approach it from more than one perspective in order to fully grasp its meaning.

For example, intelligence is directly related to learning ability. However, defining intelligence merely as learning ability might be misleading. For instance, there are many people who struggle with mathematics but excel at music, so explaining their learning abilities may not be that simple.

What Is Multiple Intelligence Theory?Multiple Intelligence Theory: It is an approach developed by the American psychologist Howard Gardner, who is doing scientific research about intelligence sensitivity at Harvard University.

The theory of multiple intelligences postulates that intelligence is only one, there are frames of mind indicating that every dominant intelligence is dynamic and can be improved.

The multiple intelligences are divided into subclasses within themselves (types of intelligence). Human intelligence is divided into 8 subcategories in which represent the different types of intelligence that indicate where people can use their intelligence more effectively. – investigations continue on the 9th subcategory.

Eight types of intelligence.

The research carried out identifies the existence of areas in the human brain that correspond to certain spaces of knowledge, all of which are distinct and relatively independent of each other.

Here are the eight types of intelligence explained one by one. 

1. Logical-mathematical intelligence .

Their problem-solving ability is very striking and is often related to a type of non-verbal intelligence, i.e. they can know the answer to a certain problem long before they verbalize it.  Children with this type of intelligence are good at solving mysteries or brain teasers, doing puzzles, logic exercises, counting or doing calculations, computer problems and playing strategy games.

2. Linguistic intelligence.

Children with this type of intelligence are skilled and have preferences for activities such as reading, talking, telling stories and jokes, writing poems, learning languages and playing word games.

3. Spatial Intelligence.

This type of intelligence shows patterns that prove the kid’s capacity to think in three dimensions. People who develop spatial intelligence are good at solving spatial problems such as drawing and painting, reading maps, looking at pictures, solving mazes, or playing construction games.

4. Musical Intelligence.

It is typical of children with an innate ability to learn different sounds, which translates into a great ability to sing, listen to music, play instruments, compose songs, enjoy concerts and follow different rhythms. This type of intelligence may notice off-key notes that others do not and can easily memorize songs and tunes.

  5. Bodily-kinesthetic Intelligence.

It is the ability to use the whole body in the expression of ideas and feelings, and the facility in the use of the hands to transform elements.  Children who show kinesthetic intelligence are good at dancing, acting, imitating gestures or expressions, playing sports, running, moving and jumping.

6. Intrapersonal Intelligence.

It distinguishes those who know themselves best. These children like to work independently, set goals and focus on achieving them, understand their feelings and know their strengths and weaknesses.

7. Interpersonal Intelligence.

As opposed to intrapersonal intelligence, it is common among kids that are good at talking, working in teams, helping others, mediating conflicts and meeting new people.

8. Naturalistic intelligence.

Related to the attraction towards environmental issues, plants and animals. People with this kind of intelligence enjoy doing activities such as camping, hiking, caring for animals, learning about nature, recycling and caring for the environment.

Reference :

The eight types of intelligence”, www.iberostar.com

“MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY AND TYPES OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE”, www.mentalup.co

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