Adam’s story begins with those conversations between God and the angels: God, Glory be to Him, tells the angels that He will make a successor on earth, and he is Adam and his descendants.And he will empower them on the land and make them holders of authority in it,But the angels marveled at this news, because he who will be a successor to God on his land will not be able to establish a kingdom equal to the kingdom of heaven with mercy and purity, for God created human beings before Adam and they corrupted on earth, so the angels said addressing their Lord: Do you make on the earth human beings to spoil it with sins and shed blood while we are We advise you about what is not befitting of your majesty and glorify you, thank you?
The angels said to their Lord that because they saw themselves better than this creature who will make a caliph and that they are more important than him in the succession of the earth, but God answered them with the mystery absent from them and the wisdom that was specific to Adam’s creation, which is that he knows what they do not know.
(30) And [mention, O Muḥammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we exalt You with praise and declare Your perfection?” He [Allāh] said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.” [al-Baqarah: 30
The status of Adam.
After God created Adam, He taught him the names of things, their facts, and their properties, so that he could be able to use it on earth and benefit from it.
Then God wanted the angels to show the opinion of the eye that this new being that they were smaller would be more than them and more knowledgeable, and that is why He asked them to inform him of the names of certain things and their properties if they were right – they think – and that they are more worthy of him than the succession of the earth.
But the angels were unable to answer and addressed their Lord with apology:We honor you, O our Lord, the honesty that is appropriate for you, and we do not object to your will, as we have no knowledge of anything but what you have given us, and you are the All-Knowing, the Wise in everything you do.
And God, glory be to Him, calls Adam to be a teacher of the angels and says to him: Oh Adam, tell the angels what you asked them, then Adam answers, and His grace appears on them, and here God addressed the angels: Did I not tell you that I know what is in the heavens and what is on the earth that others do not know, and I know what you show of your words and what you hide In your souls.
(32) They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”(33) He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.” And when he had informed them of their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.” [al-Baqarah:32_33
Honoring Adam .
The Qur’an tells us about the substance from which God created Adam.
(71) [So mention] when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay. Sad:71
(26) And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud. Al-Hijr: 26
(14) He created man from clay like [that of] pottery. Al-Rahman: 14
God has created Adam from black clay in the form of a person, even if it dries up to the point that if it clicks, a sound is heard for him, he changed it after a phase, then he breathed into it from his soul, and then he is a person of flesh, blood and nerve, he moves with his will and thinks.
Then God commands the angels to honor Adam and to prostrate to him prostration of honor, not prostration of worship, because God does not command anyone to go to worship others.
(28) And [mention, O Muḥammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud. (29) And when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration.”Al-Hijr:28:29
In this verse there are three blessings that God bestowed upon Adam:
First: He created it with His hand.
Second: He breathed his soul into him.
Third: The angels commanded him to prostrate to him.
Prostration of angels and the abstention of the Devil .
The angels all prostrated to Adam – in compliance with the command of God – with the exception of the Devil who refused to prostrate arrogance and stubbornness, and God Almighty asked him – and He knows best – about the reason that prevented him from prostrating to Adam after he had commanded him to do so, so he argued that it is better.
مع الأنبياء في القرآن الكريم قصص ودروس وعبر من حياتهم عفيف عبد الفتاح طباره