Our Arab world is replete with many great writers who left us with a legacy that cannot be underestimated from the famous books and novels that were and still are considered a supreme example for all contemporary writers, and for all reading and reading enthusiasts, in what follows we will shed light on a group of the most important works of Arab writers and famous people.
1. Khalil Gibran.
(Born January 6, 1883, Bcharre, Lebanon – died April 10, 1931, New York, United States), Lebanese-American philosophical essayist, novelist, poet, and artist.
After receiving his primary education in Beirut, Gibran emigrated with his parents to Boston in 1895. He returned to Lebanon in 1898 and studied in Beirut, where he excelled in the Arabic language. On his return to Boston in 1903, he published his first literary articles.
In 1907 he met Mary Haskell, who was supposed to be his lifetime donor and who allowed him to study art in Paris. In 1912, Gibran settled in New York City and devoted himself to writing literary articles and short stories in Arabic and English and drawing.
Gibran’s literary and artistic production is very romantic in terms of outlook and was influenced by the Bible, Friedrich Nietzsche and William Blake. His writings in both languages, dealing with topics such as love, death, nature and longing for home, are full of lyrical overflows and express Gibran’s profound religious and mystical nature.
_ One of Gibran’s major works in Arabic.
Spirits are rebellious.
Of his major works in English.
2. Naguib Mahfouz.
Naguib Mahfouz Abdel Aziz Ibrahim Ahmed Pasha.
He was born in Cairo on December 11, 1911.
He spent his childhood in the Jamalia neighborhood, where he was born, then moved to Abbasiya, Hussein, and El Ghouryeh, the old Cairo neighborhoods that sparked his interest in his literary works and in his private life.
He obtained a degree in philosophy in 1934, and while preparing for his master’s thesis, he “fell prey to an acute struggle” between pursuing the study of philosophy and his inclination to literature, which developed in recent years for his specialization after reading al-Aqqad and Taha Hussein.
He began writing the short story in 1936. And he went to literary work almost permanently after joining the public office. His talent is evident in his famous trilogy (Between Kasserine, Qasr Al-Shuq, and Al-Sukkariyah), which he finished writing in 1952 and could not be published before 1956 due to its huge size.
Naguib Mahfouz conveyed in his works the life of the middle class in the neighborhoods of Cairo, expressing their concerns and dreams, and reflecting their concerns and apprehensions about fateful issues. He also portrayed the life of the Egyptian family in its internal relations and the extension of these relationships in society.
He has published nearly fifty books and collections of stories.
Naguib Mahfouz Awards.
▪️ He won the Nobel Prize for Literature on October 13, 1988He was awarded the Great Necklace of the Nile by President Hosni Mubarak on November 7, 1988.
▪️ He won the State Merit Prize for Literature in 1968.
▪️ He received the Order of Merit from the first class in 1962.
_ The death of Naguib Mahfouz.
Naguib Mahfouz died in Cairo. And that on the thirtieth of the month of August 2006 AD.
3. Ibrahim Toukan.
A Palestinian poet and one of the poles of modern Arabic poetry, he was dubbed the poet of patriotism and the guardian of the earth, where he poured with the blood of his national cause his poetic page, and with the power of the pen he fought the shackles of British colonialism, and the drop of dew that revived the features of renewal in Arabic poetry.
Born in Nablus, Palestine, in 1905, he is the brother of both the former Jordanian Prime Minister Ahmed Touqan and the poet Fadwa Toukan.
He received his elementary lessons at the Rashidiya School in Nablus, at the secondary level, he joined the Bishop’s High School in Jerusalem in 1919, and was a student at the hands of Nakhla Zureik who carved inscriptions of ingenuity between the corridors of the history of the Arabic language, then he joined the American University in Beirut in 1923 and obtained a university degree in arts in the year 1919. 1929 A.D.
Toukan married a woman from the Abd al-Hadi family and had two children with Jafar and Oreib.
He returned to teach at An-Najah National School in Nablus, then returned to teach at the American University of Beirut, and worked as a teacher of the Arabic language for two years (1931-1933 AD).
In 1936, he took over the Arabic section of Al-Quds Radio, and was appointed director of Arab programs, then the British mandate authorities dismissed him in 1940.
Among his most famous poems is the poem “My Country”.He died on Friday evening, May 2, 1941. He was not more than thirty-six years old.
4. Mustafa Wahbi Al-Tal.
Mustafa Wahbi Al-Tal was born in the city of Irbid on 05/25/1899, and received his primary education there.
He traveled to Damascus in 1912, and continued his education in a dormitory (school) office. During his studies, his colleagues participated in the movements that they were taking against the Turks, and he was exiled after one of these movements to Beirut, but he soon returned to Damascus again.
In the summer of 1916, Mustafa returned to Irbid to spend the summer vacation, and during that period sharp differences arose between him and his father, which made his father reluctance to return him to the Amber School in Damascus, and kept him in Irbid to work in a private school that his father had opened at the time and called it “the school” The Ottoman Salihiya ”.
He traveled to “Arabcare” and Mustafa worked as a second teacher agent for “Eskişehir”. Then he returned to his hometown in Irbid and then to Syria.
On the morning of Tuesday May 24, 1949, Mustafa died in the governmental hospital in Amman, and his body was transferred to Irbid, his hometown, where he was buried in Tell Irbid, as stated in his will.
Among his books:
Eve of Wadi Al-Yabis.
The Quartet of Omar Khayyam.
“Khalil Gibran”, www.britannica.com“
نجيب محفوظ”، www.diwanalarab.com
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Naguib Mahfouz”، www.britannica.com
إبراهيم طوقان”، www.hindawi.org
مصطفى وهبي التل (1899-1949) / www.culture.gov.jo