# Top 10 mathematicians.

Scientists throughout history have presented several works that have helped clarify previously vague mathematical concepts.In addition, they have developed solutions to complex problems and important discoveries and theories related to numbers, numbers, quantities, geometric shapes, and other mathematical fields.

There are many scientists whose passion for mathematics was very great; Which led to their making important discoveries in the equations; And measurements; And numbers; Which has led to the development of this science throughout history.In our article, we will get to know some of these scholars.

**1) Pythagoras (about 570-495 BC).**

A mystic leader, vegan and obsessed with numbers, he owes his place as the most famous name in mathematics due to the theory about right-angled triangles.His rise in numbers as the core of the world made him the towering initiator of Greek mathematics, and he is basically the beginning of mathematics as we know it now.

**2) Hypatia (360-415)**

Hypatia was a scholar at the Library of Alexandria in the fourth century AD. Her most valuable scientific legacy was her edited version of Euclid’s Book of the Elements, the most important Greek mathematical text, and one of the standard copies for centuries after her death.

**Girolamo Cardano (1501-1576).**

The Italian multiculturalist who would have coined the term Renaissance man. Doctor by profession, author of 131 books. He was also a compulsive gambler. It was this last habit that led him to his first scientific analysis of probability.Discover probability theory, which in turn gave birth to statistics, marketing, insurance and weather forecasts.

**4) Leonard Euler (1707-1783)**

The most prolific mathematician of all time, publishing nearly 900 books. When he became blind in his late fifties, his productivity increased in many areas. Its famous formula is eiπ + 1 = 0, where e is the mathematical constant sometimes known as Euler’s number and i is the square root of negative one, which is the most beautiful in mathematics. Later on, pay attention to Latin squares – grids where each row and column contains every member of a group of numbers or objects at once. Without this work, we might not have had Sudoku.

**5) Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855).**

Gauss, known as the Prince of Mathematicians, made major contributions to most areas of mathematics in the nineteenth century. He is obsessed with perfectionism, has not published much of his work, preferring to reformulate and improve theories first. His revolutionary discovery of non-Euclidean space is found in his posthumous notes. While analyzing the astronomical data, he realized that a measurement error produced a bell curve – this shape is now known as a Gaussian distribution.

**6) George Cantor (1845-1918).**

Cantor perfectly fulfills the (Hollywood) stereotype that the genius in mathematics and mental illness is somewhat inseparable. Cantor’s clever idea was to develop a method for talking about mathematical infinity. His theory led to the counterintuitive discovery that some infinities were greater than others. The result was amazing. Unfortunately, he suffered a mental breakdown and was hospitalized a lot.

**7) Paul Erdos (1913-1996).**

Erdös led a Bedouin life devoid of possession, moving from university to university, and from his colleague’s spare room to a conference hotel. He rarely published alone, preferring to collaborate – writing around 1,500 papers, with 511 collaborators, making him the second most prolific mathematician after Euler. As a humorous appreciation, mathematicians are given a “Erdos number” according to their cooperative closeness to it: Number 1 to those who wrote papers with him; Number 2 for those who are familiar with mathematicians with Erdös No 1, etc.

**8) John Horton Conway (1937).**

Liverpudlian was famous for the serious mathematics that resulted from his analyzes of games and puzzles. In 1970, he came up with the rules of the game of life, a game in which you see how cell patterns evolve in a network.He made important contributions to many branches of pure mathematics, such as set theory, number theory and geometry, and he also came up with his collaborators to wonderful concepts such as surreal numbers, great paradox, and wild color.

**9) Gregory Perlman (1966).**

He is a Russian scientist who has refused mathematics’s highest honor, the Fields Medal, in 2006.

**10) Terry Tao (1975)**

An Australian of Chinese descent living in the US also won (and accepted) the Fields Medal in 2006. Together with Ben Green, he proved an amazing result about prime numbers – where you can find sequences of prime numbers of any length each number in the sequence is a distance Fixed. For example, the sequence 3, 7, 11 has three primes spaced 4 apart. The sequence 11, 17, 23, 29 has four prime numbers separated by 6 numbers. While there are sequences like these of any length, no one found more than 25 prime numbers, given that the prime numbers were at that time more than 18 numbers.

Reference :

“The 10 best mathematicians”، www.theguardian.com