Sumacs are shrubs or small trees that often form colonies from their creeping, branched roots. The foliage usually turns brilliant red, reddish orange, or purplish red in early autumn.The leaves are feather-compound, with 3 to 25 leaflets, depending on the species. The leaflets of many species are often scalloped or toothed. Sumacs are often finely hairy.
The flowers are in dense clusters that develop at the stem tips. The 5 petals are usually pale green or yellowish. The male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers occur on separate plants. The 5 sepals usually persist on the developing fruits.
The fruits are round and berrylike (often flattened), red or reddish, and noticeably hairy with red hairs. If you press on the fruit, the outer layer and fleshy or waxy middle layer easily separate from the smooth stone within.
What is sumac?
Sumac is a plant that is used in foods as a spice and can be added alone or with other spices. It can add a sour taste to juices, and it is also used for appetizers and other recipes.
Sumac is used as a food preservative or as a natural color to be added to some foods, in addition to its use in materials and cosmetics, as well as in processing technology for animal skins.
Types of sumac.
▪️ Vinegar sumac.
▪️ Dye sumac.
▪️ Syrian sumac.
▪️ Cotton sumac.
▪️ Prickly sumac.
Each of these many types of sumac has different uses in and out of the kitchen.
Of course, sumac is used in many diverse industries, which are:
▪️ Tanning is in the leather industry, as it contains a substance used to remove unclean particles from leather.
▪️ Sumac is used in the manufacture of topical ointments to treat infections and burns.
▪️ It is used in seasoning food, as it gives a distinctive flavor, and has a high nutritional value that is important for the health of the body.
The nutritional value of sumac Sumac contains.
anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal materials, due to the presence of acetic acid, which contains anti-oxidants, in addition to containing omega-3 oil, which helps to develop mental abilities, and its intake helps to balance amino acids in the body important for the health of the body.
What are the benefits of sumac?
Apart from being a spice that gives the food a sour and distinctive taste, sumac has many health benefits, the most famous of which are:
1. Sumac is an antioxidant and fights infections.
Sumac has many benefits in this regard, including:
▪️ Sumac is one of the sources of powerful antioxidants that:
▪️ Fights free radicals.
▪️ Preserve the DNA of cells, especially liver and colon cells.
▪️ Sumac is a rich source of vitamin C, which is one of the most powerful antioxidants.
▪️ Sumac helps maintain cells and boost collagen production in the body.
▪️ Sumac has anti-inflammatory properties, it is effective in the face of arthritis and skin inflammation , and this may be due to the content of its leaves from tannin in addition to antioxidants, flavonoids and acids such as gallic acid.
▪️ Some studies have shown that it can be considered sumac antibacterial and microbes, particularly Salmonella bacteria ( of Salmonella ).
2. Promote cardiovascular health.
Sumac has many benefits in this regard:
▪️ It is a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, which:
▪️ It is necessary for several vital processes in the body.
▪️ Helps promote cardiovascular health.
▪️ Reduces the chances of heart attacks and strokes.
▪️ It helps raise the levels of good cholesterol (HDL) and lowers the levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) in the body.
▪️ You maintain a regular heart rate.
▪️ It has anticoagulant properties and makes it less viscous.
▪️ Containing powerful antioxidants in addition to omega-3 , sumac contributes to protecting the walls of blood vessels from damage.
3. Sumac and respiratory system.
Sumac helps reduce the chances of developing respiratory problems such as chest congestion, coughing, colds (common cold), influenza, bronchitis , and bronchitis, because it contains effective volatile oils and gives it these properties, which include: Geraniol, Borneo, Carvacrol, and Thymol.
Some studies have also found anti-fungal properties of sumac, especially against fungi that may infect the lungs.
4. Promote digestive health.
▪️ Facilitate digestion.
▪️ Treating digestive disorders.
▪️ Treating various intestinal upsets, constipation and stomach disorders.
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