What Is The Capital Of Italy?
Rome is the largest and the capital of Italy, as well as the capital of the Lazio region. The city has a population of about 2.9 million and its metropolitan area has population of 4.3 million, making it the fourth most populous city in the European Union (EU). The city is located on the shore of the Tiber River in Lazio administrative region. The Vatican is an independent state located entirely within the city of Rome, and remains the only country within a city. Rome is a global city and a popular tourist destination. In fact, it is the third most visited city in the EU and 14th in the world. Rome is a city rich in history, and can be considered as a center of western civilization and democracy. The city has also biblical and archaeological significance.
The city of Rome has a population of 2.9 million, while its metropolitan area has a population of 4.3 million. Approximately 91% of the population is Italian, and roughly half of the non-Italian population are immigrants from European countries especially Romania, Poland, Ukraine, and Albania. Non-European immigration is predominantly from the Philippines, China and Bangladesh. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in Rome, as well as the rest of Italy. The city has been an important center of Roman Catholicism for centuries and is home to St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican City. The metropolitan area is home to about 900 churches.
Rome experiences a Mediterranean climate characterized by dry summers and cool but humid winters. The average temperature during the day is about 20 °C and temperatures cool down to 10 °C at night. January is the coldest month, with temperatures dropping to about 12 °C, while July and August are the warmest, with temperatures reaching about 30 °C. Snowfall is not common, but light snow can be experienced during the winter. However, the city experiences heavy snowfall approximately once every 5 years.
As the capital of Italy, Rome is home to various government institutions including the presidency, legislature, judiciary, and diplomatic representatives. Although the largest city in Italy, Rome is not considered an alpha city, and ranks below Milan in the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranking. The city accounts for 6.7% of Italy’s GDP and experiences a growth rate of 4.4% annually. The city’s economy is dominated by the service industry, technological companies, construction and commercial development, research, and tourism. Rome is also home to the head offices of major Italian companies and several multinationals.
Rome is a popular tourist attraction. In fact, it is the third most visited city in the European Union, after Paris and London, and receives about 10 million visitors annually. The city is home to several archaeological and historical monuments that detail the history of both Italy and and Europe. Approximately four million tourists visit the Colosseum and the Vatican Museums each year.
Rome today continues to be a contradictory city, its historic and wealthy neighbourhoods coexisting with vast swathes of poverty in its peripheries and among its immigrant populations. Moreover, despite being the capital of Italy as well as the centre of Roman Catholicism, Rome has never easily occupied the preeminent position held by other national capitals, such as London or Paris. Other Italian cities—notably, Milan (the “moral capital”), Turin (the “industrial capital”), and Florence (a capital of Italian art)—have long challenged Rome’s status. At the beginning of the 21st century, as the idea of decentralization—particularly the devolution of certain political powers to the regions—remained a perennial political topic, the Eternal City’s role within Italy lay in the balance.
In addition to being a centre of production and exchange, Milan is a national focus of transportation. An extensive network of road and rail communications spreads toward the outlying areas, particularly toward the north, and several airports serve the city. Some of the most heavily traveled lines of the national railway system, Ferrovie dello Stato (FS; State Railways), pass through Milan. Mainline connections and transalpine tunnels link the city with the rest of Italy and all parts of Europe, and there are many nonstop trains to and from major cities. The railroad stations are integrated within the city landscape by means of a carefully designed and executed plan; the largest railway loading site within the city is the Central Station (Stazione Centrale). The road network converging upon Milan carries an unceasing flow of foreign and domestic travelers. Among the major highways leading to and from the city is the famous Autostrada del Sole (Highway of the Sun), which traverses the spine of the lengthy Italian Peninsula. Milan has two international airports, Malpensa and Linate, and other airports are located nearby at Bergamo and Brescia.
The metropolitan transportation service operates an extensive system of bus, tramway, and subway routes throughout the urban area. The first subway line in the city was opened in 1964. Construction on a light rail system began in the late 20th century. Yet despite the availability of mass transit, Milan has a high rate of private car ownership, which has created traffic and parking problems, as well as enormous increases in pollution, since the early 1980s. Local government officials have occasionally been forced to ban all private traffic in order to decrease smog levels.
Victor Kiprop (29-7-2019), “What Is the Capital of Italy?”، www.worldatlas.com
Richard R. Ring, Blake Ehrlich، John Foot (27-11-2019)، “Rome”، www.britannica.com
“Milan Italy”, britannica