An orphan is someone whose father died on his behalf when he was young and did not reach a dream That is, before puberty. And he continues to be described as an orphan until he reaches adulthood, as the Prophet – may Allah’ prayers and peace be upon him – said, “It is not orphaned after a wet dream.” And there is the wretched one who has lost both parents, and every ignorant orphan is an orphan if that was before puberty, and not every orphan is a wretch. As for orphanhood in the language, it has several meanings, including: loss, fatigue, and slowness.
Islam has recommended the care of the orphan. Sponsoring an orphan is one of the good deeds that are sanctified by heavenly laws and valued by societies at different times. Islam gave the orphan the most attention and the greatest reward for charity to him. The term orphan is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an twenty-three times.
Orphan care in the Holy Qur’an:
- The need to protect the orphan’s money from loss, and to fight any habit that may harm the orphan with misdeeds and fraud.
- The permissibility of guardianship of the orphan’s money, and disposing of it in a way that achieves the interest and good for him and his family, until the orphan reaches the age of majority.
Taking into account the feelings of the orphan, sympathizing with him, and avoiding harming him, whether in words or deeds.
- Urging the orphan to care, advise, guide him, and educate him on good values and morals.
Serving the orphan and meeting his needs, that is one of the characteristics of the best and purest of people, and what indicates the high status of the orphan.
Allocating a share of the funds to orphans.
The legislator recognized the right of the orphan in his dear book in many places; Because of the injustice that may occur to him, and the lack of mercy and compassion for him, he guarantees his right, protects him from loss, and denies any behavior that may detract from him.
The verses of the Noble Qur’an that highlight the rights of orphans and the duties of servants towards them, as Allah Almighty has warned in some Qur’anic verses against neglecting the rights of orphans, or not fulfilling them, and negligence in them. This indicates the comprehensiveness and integration of religion, which contributes to building a strong society that does not differentiate between any of its members.
Islam’s concern for the orphan :-
Islam took care of orphans, and urged the necessity of caring for them, disciplining them, defending them, preserving their rights, and being kind to them. Allah- the Exalted and Majestic – emphasized the necessity of sympathy for the orphan in the Noble Qur’an.
Many honorable prophetic hadiths have also been received that desire and urge to take care of the rights of the orphan, sympathy for him, and guarantee him, including: What Imam Al-Bukhari narrated in his Sahih, on the authority of Sahl bin Saad Al-Saadi – may God be pleased with him – that the Prophet – peace be upon him – said: (I And he who takes care of an orphan in Paradise will be like this, and he said with his index and middle fingers.